Aboriginal Offender Statistics

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Introduction:

Aboriginal peoples represent 2.8% of the Canadian population, but account for 18% of the federally incarcerated population.

Overview:

Female Offender Population 2001-12-30
0ffender Race National Total Atlantic Region Quebec Region Ontario Region Prairie Region Pacific Region
Total 948 90 171 303 297 87
Non-Aboriginal 734 79 161 276 151 67
Aboriginal 182 11 4 17 136 14

Male Offender Population 2001-12-30
0ffender Race National Total Atlantic Region Quebec Region Ontario Region Prairie Region Pacific Region
Total 21,756 2,081 5,686 5,771 5,160 3,057
Non-Aboriginal 18,273 1,951 5,396 5,252 3,222 2,451
Aboriginal 3,232 117 232 427 1,874 582

Inuit Offender Population 2001-12-30
0ffender Gender National Total Atlantic Region Quebec Region Ontario Region Prairie Region Pacific Region
Female 4 2 0 0 2 0
Male 128 17 18 53 36 4

Mtis Offender Population 2001-12-30
0ffender Gender National Total Atlantic Region Quebec Region Ontario Region Prairie Region Pacific Region
Female 50 0 1 2 43 4
Male 885 9 115 35 569 157

North American Offender Population 2001-12-30
0ffender Gender National Total Atlantic Region Quebec Region Ontario Region Prairie Region Pacific Region
Female 128 9 3 15 91 10
Male 2,219 91 99 339 1,269 421

Breakdown of Provincial Aboriginal Offenders
Province Total # of Offenders % of total Population that is of Aboriginal Descent Total # of Provincial Offenders that are of Aboriginal Descent
Newfoundland 1,199 6% 72
Prince Edward Island 803 NIL NIL
Nova Scotia 1,964 5% 98
New Brunswick 2,273 5% 114
Quebec 21,735 2% 435
Ontario 32,815 10% 328
Manitoba 1,393 59% 822
Saskatchewan 3,850 76% 2,926
Alberta 15,491 38% 5,887
British Columbia 9,628 20% 1,926
Yukon 300 NIL NIL
Northwest Territories 1,594 49% 781
Total incarcerated population 93,045   13,389

Breakdown of Federal Aboriginal Offenders
Gender Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific National
Aboriginal Male Offenders: 104 213 410 1,944 572 3,243
Aboriginal Female Offenders: 7 4 17 137 9 174
Total 111 217 427 2,081 581 3,417

Aboriginal people account for a disproportionate number of offenders in the federal correctional system.

Future:

CSC is currently developing a new National Strategy that will further expand and focus its efforts to ensuring an Aboriginal-specific correctional process is in place throughout an Aboriginal offender's sentence.