Commissioner's Directive

Administrative Segregation

PURPOSE

  • To ensure administrative segregation is only used for the shortest period of time necessary, when there are no reasonable and safe alternatives
  • To ensure that the administrative segregation of an inmate occurs only when specific legal requirements are met and that restrictions are based on the least restrictive requirements to meet the objectives of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act
  • To ensure a fair, reasonable and transparent decision-making process based on a review of all relevant information
  • To contribute to the safety of staff and inmates and to the security of the institution by providing a safe and humane administrative segregation process
  • To ensure that vulnerable offenders are not placed in administrative segregation, except in exceptional circumstances

APPLICATION

  • Applies to all staff and contractors involved in the segregation process

RESPONSIBILITIES

  1. The Senior Deputy Commissioner will:
    1. chair the National Long-Term Segregation Review Committee (NLTSRC)
    2. review the administrative segregation case for every inmate who reaches 60 days, or who has reached 4 placements in a calendar year or 90 cumulative days in a calendar year
    3. make a decision as to whether the inmate is to be maintained in or released from administrative segregation.
  2. In the absence of the Senior Deputy Commissioner, the Assistant Commissioner, Correctional Operations and Programs, will perform the duties of the Senior Deputy Commissioner under this policy.
  3. The Assistant Commissioner, Correctional Operations and Programs, will authorize the development of Administrative Segregation Guidelines (GL 709-1) that shall be followed with respect to administrative segregation procedures.
  4. The Director General, Security Branch, will provide the recommendation of the National Long-Term Segregation Review Committee (NLTSRC) to the Senior Deputy Commissioner.
  5. The Regional Deputy Commissioner will review the recommendation of the Regional Segregation Review Board (RSRB) no later than the 40th day, and determine whether the placement in administrative segregation continues to be justified.
  6. The Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Correctional Operations, or the Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Integrated Services, will chair the RSRB for every inmate who reaches 38 days in administrative segregation.
  7. The Regional Administrator, Interventions, will ensure the facilitation of information sharing for the RSRB and NLTSRC.
  8. The Institutional Head will:
    1. be the decision maker for the admission to, maintenance in, and release from administrative segregation in accordance with sections 31-37 of the CCRA
    2. ensure an Institutional Segregation Review Board (ISRB) is in place
    3. chair the 30-day ISRB and subsequent institutional reviews
    4. when absent, designate, through a Standing Order, a staff member not below the level of Correctional Manager who will have the authority to admit an inmate to administrative segregation pursuant to subsection 31(3) of the CCRA
    5. ensure that the least restrictive measures are applied to any circumstance of an inmate placed in segregation
    6. ensure that inmates are released from segregation at the earliest appropriate time
    7. visit the segregation unit on a daily basis. Outside regular business hours, if the Institutional Head is not present in the institution, this responsibility must be performed by a staff member who is designated by the Institutional Head, through a Standing Order, as being in charge of the penitentiary. This visit consists of viewing all areas of the segregation unit, including program and/or recreation areas, and inspecting the conditions of confinement for each inmate. The visit and any notable observations and actions taken will be logged in the Segregation Log (CSC/SCC 0218)
    8. when not present in the institution during business hours, ensure the highest authority on that day completes the segregation unit visit, documents any complaints or non-compliance in writing to the Institutional Head and documents the visit and any notable observations and actions taken in the Segregation Log (CSC/SCC 0218)
    9. ensure that all decisions regarding administrative segregation are documented and:
      1. clearly detail the information being relied upon and include an explanation of why that information is credible and persuasive
      2. clearly detail why an admission or a continued placement in administrative segregation is necessary and the least restrictive measure
      3. fully consider and address the inmate’s verbal or written submissions
      4. consider the inmate’s mental health needs, gender, ethnic, cultural and linguistic differences and are responsive to the special needs of women and Aboriginal peoples
    10. meet with any inmate in administrative segregation at the inmate’s request and document the meeting in the Segregation Log (CSC/SCC 0218).
  9. The Deputy Warden will chair the fifth-working-day Institutional Segregation Review Board.
  10. The Assistant Warden, Operations, will:
    1. ensure the oversight of the daily operations of the segregation unit
    2. ensure that the conditions of confinement in accordance with this policy are met
    3. ensure that all Administrative Segregation Logs are available and maintained in the segregation unit.
  11. The Assistant Warden, Interventions, will:
    1. ensure the oversight of case management practices in segregation and the quality control of case management reports
    2. ensure access to interventions and services is provided to inmates in administrative segregation, unless such access would jeopardize the safety and security of inmates, staff, visitors or the institution
    3. ensure that the Institutional Segregation Review Board and the Regional Segregation Review Board are provided with all relevant information subject to review
    4. ensure processes for sharing of information with offenders are established.

COMPLIANCE RESPONSIBILITIES

  1. The Regional Deputy Commissioner (RDC) will:
    1. report any incidents of non-compliance on a bi-weekly basis to the Commissioner of the Correctional Service of Canada
    2.  identify a minimum of two institutions for the annual regional administrative segregation compliance reviews and provide copies of these compliance reviews and their regional action plans to the Assistant Commissioner Correctional Operations and Programs (ACCOP).
  2. The ACCOP will produce a semi-annual report on segregation including incidents of non‑compliance and actions taken.
  3. The Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Correctional Operations (ADCCO), or the Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Integrated Services (ADCIS), will ensure the completion of annual regional administrative segregation compliance reviews in institutions designated by the RDC to determine areas of non-compliance and compile regional action plans to address any non-compliance for the RDC’s review, and immediately report all incidents of non-compliance, including those reported in the annual visits to the RDC.
  4. The Regional Administrator, Interventions, will ensure:
    1. that regional administrative segregation compliance reviews are conducted annually in institutions designated by the RDC
    2. that visits occur at each of the administrative segregation units in the region at least once annually
    3. that all incidents of non-compliance are immediately reported to the Institutional Head and the ADCCO or ADCIS.
  5. The Institutional Head will ensure that a process is in place to determine compliance of conditions of confinement and case management processes.
  6. The Assistant Warden, Operations, will immediately report non-compliance related to conditions of confinement to the Institutional Head.
  7. The Assistant Warden, Interventions, will immediately report non-compliance related to case management practices to the Institutional Head.

INMATES NOT ADMISSIBLE TO ADMINISTRATIVE SEGREGATION

  1. The following inmates will not be admitted to administrative segregation:
    1. inmates with a serious mental illness with significant impairment, including inmates who are certified in accordance with the relevant provincial/territorial legislation
    2. inmates actively engaging in self-injury which is deemed likely to result in serious bodily harm or at elevated or imminent risk for suicide.
  2. Inmates admitted to administrative segregation who are subsequently identified as falling within paragraph 19a and/or b will be released from administrative segregation and managed in accordance with CD 843 – Interventions to Preserve Life and Prevent Serious Bodily Harm.
  3. An inmate may be admitted or readmitted to administrative segregation pursuant to section 31 of the CCRA only after discontinuation of the observation level in accordance with CD 843 – Interventions to Preserve Life and Prevent Serious Bodily Harm. All health considerations will be documented in the segregation admission screen of the Offender Management System (OMS).
  4. Unless exceptional circumstances exist, the following inmates will not be admitted to administrative segregation:
    1. pregnant inmates
    2. inmates with significant mobility impairment
    3. inmates in palliative care.
  5. The Institutional Head must clearly identify and document the exceptional circumstances in their decision to admit the inmate to administrative segregation.
  6. Admissions under exceptional circumstances will not exceed the first-working-day review.
  7. If the inmate has been identified as having a serious mental illness with significant impairment, the OMS Serious Mental Illness with Significant Impairment Alert will be activated by a health care professional. The alert will be managed in accordance with OMS guidelines.
  8. Inmates not admissible to administrative segregation per paragraph 19a and b will be identified by a health care professional, or in their absence, by the following processes:
    1. determination of whether the inmate has an OMS Serious Mental Illness with Significant Impairment Alert activated
    2. immediate concerns identified after completion of the Immediate Needs Checklist – Suicide Risk (CSC/SCC 1433e)
    3. the inmate is actively engaging in self-injury that is deemed likely to place them at risk for serious bodily harm.

ADMISSION

  1. Pursuant to Annex B of GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines, the Administrative Segregation Assessment Framework, including the Segregation Assessment Tool (SAT), must be completed prior to an admission to administrative segregation.
  2. Before an inmate is admitted to administrative segregation, consultation will normally occur with the members of the Case Management Team to ensure that the admission is justified and that all alternative options have been considered. Consultation will minimally include the Parole Officer and health care professionals and may also include the Elder, Chaplain, or other relevant staff as necessary.
  3. Prior to the admission to administrative segregation, the case will be reviewed by a health professional to provide an opinion as to whether there are mental health issues that could preclude the inmate’s placement in segregation or if a referral to Mental Health Services is appropriate. This review will be conducted pursuant to the Health Consultation and Assessment for Administrative Segregation Guidelines.
  4. When an inmate is admitted to administrative segregation outside regular Health Services hours, the case will be reviewed by a health professional without delay.
  5. Pursuant to CD 843 – Interventions to Preserve Life and Prevent Serious Bodily Harm, the Immediate Needs Checklist – Suicide Risk (CSC/SCC 1433e) will be completed in OMS prior to admission to administrative segregation.
  6. When an inmate has been released from administrative segregation for reasons such as temporary absence, transfer or management under CD 843 – Interventions to Preserve Life and Prevent Serious Bodily Harm, for a period not exceeding seven calendar days, and is returned to administrative segregation for the same reason/incident, this will be considered as a continuation of the segregation admission in OMS (as outlined in Annex D of GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines).
  7. Without delay, upon admission to administrative segregation, an inmate will be:
    1. informed of their right to legal counsel pursuant to subsection 97(2) of the CCRR and given an opportunity to contact counsel
    2. informed that they may submit complaints and grievances about administrative segregation, conditions of confinement and treatment pursuant to section 90 of the CCRA and sections 74-82 of the CCRR
    3. provided with a copy of the Administrative Segregation Handbook for Inmates
    4. informed that arrangements for an interpreter will be made if they do not speak or understand either official language or have a disability that requires the use of an interpreter
    5. informed of the right to have access to a Chaplain/Elder/Spiritual Advisor while in segregation, as well as to spiritual practices
    6. informed of the right to engage an advocate to assist with the institutional segregation review process in the case of inmates who have been identified as having functional challenges related to mental health
    7. informed of the right to have access to organizations, including but not limited to the Office of the Correctional Investigator of Canada, Citizen Advisory Committee, Canadian Association of Elizabeth Fry Societies and John Howard Society
    8. informed of their right to access programs, services and visits, unless restrictions are required, while in administrative segregation.
  8. The Administrative Segregation Admission screen will be completed in OMS at the time of an inmate’s admission to administrative segregation. The inmate will be notified in writing of the reasons for the admission to administrative segregation within one working day of admission pursuant to section 19 of the CCRR (as outlined in Annex B of GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines).
  9. The Institutional Head will ensure that the written rationale to admit an inmate to administrative segregation:
    1. clearly details the information being relied upon and includes an explanation of why that information is credible and persuasive
    2. fully considers and addresses the inmate’s responding submissions
    3. is written in a manner that focuses on relevant factors and clearly states the reasons that justify the admission.
  10. Pursuant to section 35 of the CCRA, where an inmate requests to be admitted or to remain in administrative segregation and the Institutional Head does not intend to grant the request, the Institutional Head, or a staff member designated through a Standing Order, will meet with the inmate as soon as practicable to:
    1. explain why the Institutional Head does not intend to grant the request
    2. provide the inmate with an opportunity to make verbal or written representations.
  11. If there are reasonable grounds to believe that disclosure of information in relation to reasons for admission to administrative segregation would jeopardize the safety of any person, the security of a penitentiary, and/or the conduct of any lawful investigation, the Institutional Head has the authority to withhold from the inmate only as much information as is necessary to protect the interest identified. In these circumstances, the inmate must be provided with a gist, pursuant to Annex C of CD 701 – Information Sharing.
  12. Following an inmate’s admission to administrative segregation, a Parole Officer will meet with the inmate within two working days to discuss reintegration options.

CONDITIONS OF CONFINEMENT

  1. In addition to subsection 83(2) of the CCRR, all inmates admitted to and maintained in administrative segregation will be provided with:
    1. immediately upon admission, their personal property items related to hygiene, religion and spirituality, medical care and non-electronic personal items (e.g. photographs, phone cards, phone book), subject to safety and security concerns in accordance with section 37 of the CCRA
    2. their remaining personal property items within 24 hours of admission to administrative segregation, subject to safety and security concerns in accordance with section 37 of the CCRA
    3. the opportunity to be out of their cell for a minimum of two hours daily, including the opportunity to exercise for at least one hour every day outdoors, weather permitting, or indoors where the weather does not permit exercising outdoors (this includes weekends and holidays)
    4. the opportunity to shower each day, including weekends and holidays. This time is not included in the minimum two hours out of the inmate’s cell in accordance with paragraph 39c.

FIRST-WORKING-DAY REVIEW

  1. When an inmate is admitted to administrative segregation outside regular business hours:
    1. the Institutional Head will review the admission decisions made by a delegate within one working day to either confirm the admission or order the release from administrative segregation. Consideration of the inmate’s Aboriginal social history, mental health and health care needs, including specific consideration of available mental health treatment options, must be addressed in the decision to either maintain or release. The inmate will be provided with a copy of the Institutional Head’s decision within two working days
    2. consultation with the Case Management Team, including the Elder, Chaplain or other relevant staff where feasible, will occur prior to finalizing the first-working-day review.

INSTITUTIONAL SEGREGATION REVIEW BOARD

  1. In accordance with paragraph 21(2)(a) of the CCRR, the Institutional Segregation Review Board (ISRB) will conduct a hearing within five working days after the inmate’s admission or following any readmission to administrative segregation.
  2. If the inmate remains in administrative segregation after the fifth-working-day review, the Parole Officer, in consultation with other Case Management Team members, will develop a Reintegration Action Plan (RAP) within 10 working days that will be consistent with the inmate's Correctional Plan and outlines actions to be taken to safely release the inmate from administrative segregation at the earliest appropriate time, and to monitor and support the inmate following their release from administrative segregation. The RAP will consider the inmate’s individual static and dynamic factors, including mental health, Aboriginal social history, and physical well-being (as outlined in GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines).
  3. In accordance with paragraph 21(2)(b) of the CCRR, the ISRB will conduct a hearing within 30 calendar days of the inmate’s admission. Subsequent hearings will be held at least once every 30 calendar days from the date of the last 30-day review.
  4. Prior to all ISRBs, the Parole Officer will consult with health care professionals to obtain information on any health issues that may impact the inmate’s segregation status and how their health needs can be accommodated. The outcome of the consultation will be considered and documented in the ISRB recommendation.
  5. A mental health professional, or Mental Health Clinician under the supervision of a mental health professional, must be present as a permanent member of the ISRB to provide advice and expertise regarding mental health interventions, as required. The mental health professional will only provide their opinion as to the impact on the inmate of their placement or continued placement in administrative segregation.
  6. The ISRB will be chaired by:
    1. the Deputy Warden, for the fifth-working-day review
    2. the Institutional Head, for the 30-day review and all subsequent institutional reviews. The 30‑day review can be delegated to the Deputy Warden with the approval of the Regional Deputy Commissioner. This delegation will be provided in writing to the Institutional Head. Delegation will only be on an as needed basis.
  7. The ISRB hearing will be conducted and documented in accordance with Annex C of GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines.
  8. The inmate will be present unless:
    1. the inmate is voluntarily absent
    2. the Chairperson of the hearing believes on reasonable grounds that the inmate’s presence would jeopardize the safety of any person present at the hearing, or
    3. the inmate seriously disrupts the hearing.
  9. The inmate will receive notification in writing at least three working days – or any shorter period to which the inmate has consented – prior to the date and time of each Institutional Segregation Review Board hearing that will include:
    1. a copy of any information to be addressed in the review, including that which has not previously been shared
    2. a gist of any information that is withheld pursuant to subsection 27(3) of the CCRA and CD 701 – Information Sharing, and has not been previously shared
    3. Commissioner’s Directives and Institutional Standing Orders that are related to the hearing, at the inmate’s request
    4. notification of the opportunity to make verbal or written representation to the ISRB.
  10. At the time the aforementioned information is shared with the inmate, the inmate’s intention to attend or not attend the ISRB hearing will be documented in writing.
  11. The inmate and their advocate, where applicable, will be provided with a reasonable opportunity to present their case to the ISRB. The Chairperson will also solicit the opinion of all ISRB members in attendance.
  12. If the inmate is absent from the hearing for a reason referred to in subsection 33(2) of the CCRA, they will be given the opportunity to submit written representations, or written representations prepared on their behalf, which shall be considered by the ISRB.
  13. Once the hearing has concluded, if required, the ISRB members will be afforded the opportunity to further discuss the case to facilitate their recommendation. The role of the Chairperson will be to facilitate the recommendation and ensure that procedural safeguards, policy and the law are respected. Unless the ISRB is satisfied that the inmate must be maintained in segregation pursuant to section 31 of the CCRA, the Board’s recommendation must be to release the inmate from administrative segregation.
  14. The ISRB will provide a written recommendation to the Institutional Head as to whether or not the inmate should be released from or maintained in administrative segregation.
  15. During the 30-day review and all subsequent reviews, the Institutional Head is the Chairperson and decision maker and does not participate in the recommendation of the ISRB. In these cases, once the ISRB is prepared to proceed, the designated person will present the Board’s recommendation to the Institutional Head, including any dissenting views.
  16. The inmate will then be presented with the recommendation of the Institutional Segregation Review Board (ISRB) by the Institutional Head and informed that a final decision regarding their segregation status will be provided, in writing, within two business days. Nothing precludes the Institutional Head, as the final decision maker from sharing, with the inmate and other members of the ISRB, their final decision at the time the inmate is presented with the ISRB recommendation.
  17. If the Institutional Head does not intend to accept the ISRB recommendation to release the inmate or when the inmate has requested that the administrative segregation placement be continued and the Institutional Head does not intend to grant the request, the Institutional Head must personally meet with the inmate as soon as practicable to explain the reasons for the decision. The inmate will be given an opportunity to respond in person or in writing.
  18. The Institutional Head must consider the inmate’s state of mental and physical health and health care needs when making segregation decisions. These considerations are to be documented in all decisions and a plan must be developed to address health care needs.
  19. In the case of inmates who have been identified as having functional challenges related to mental health and where the ISRB has been unable to identify alternatives to administrative segregation, the case will be referred to the Regional Complex Mental Health Committee for support until the inmate is released from segregation. The Regional Complex Mental Health Committee may recommend an external review of the case to assist in determining intervention strategies.
  20. The inmate will receive a copy of the ISRB recommendation and the Institutional Head’s decision within two working days following the hearing. Where a hearing has not been held, the inmate will be immediately informed of the decision to release them from segregation and will receive the written decision within two working days.
  21. Cases will be reviewed at any time when the ISRB receives new reliable information that challenges the reasons for the inmate’s placement in segregation.
  22. If the decision is to release an inmate from segregation outside of the regular prescribed reviews as per subsection 21(2) of the CCRR, and the inmate is in agreement with the decision, an ISRB hearing is not necessary. In these cases, the recommendations to the Institutional Head will be made in writing, pursuant to Annex C of GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines, by a staff member at a level no lower than an Assistant Warden.

REGIONAL SEGREGATION REVIEW BOARD

  1. All regional reviews will be based on the total accumulated days in segregation – continuous status pursuant to Annex D of GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines.
  2. The Regional Segregation Review Board (RSRB) will:
    1. review the case of every inmate who reaches 38 days in administrative segregation and review such cases at least once every 30 days thereafter. The RSRB will also review any case specifically referred to them to determine whether the administrative segregation of the inmate continues to be justified
    2. consider the inmate’s Aboriginal social history, gender considerations, state of mental and physical health and health care needs, including available mental health treatment options
    3. provide its recommendation on the justification of the continued placement of the inmate in administrative segregation to the Regional Deputy Commissioner.
  3. The Regional Deputy Commissioner will:
    1. review the case of every inmate who reaches 40 days and that has been reviewed by the RSRB to determine whether the administrative segregation of the inmate continues to be justified
    2. consider the inmate’s Aboriginal social history, gender considerations, state of mental and physical health and health care needs, including available mental health treatment options
    3. provide the inmate with a written copy of the Board’s review, including information about the grievance process, within five working days of the review and may direct the Institutional Head to take action in order to resolve the inmate’s segregation status, including reviewing the inmate’s case for transfer, if necessary.

NATIONAL LONG-TERM SEGREGATION REVIEW COMMITTEE

  1. The Senior Deputy Commissioner will chair the National Long-Term Segregation Review Committee (NLTSRC) which will be comprised of the following members:
    1. Director General, Security Branch, or delegate
    2. Director General, Mental Health, or delegate
    3. Director General, Offender Programs and Reintegration, or delegate
    4. Director General, Women Offender Sector, or delegate
    5. Director General, Aboriginal Initiatives Directorate, or delegate
    6. Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Correctional Operations, and/or Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Integrated Services, of all regions
    7. other ad hoc members as required.
  2. Prior to each meeting, National Headquarters will provide NLTSRC members with the list of inmates for review.
  3. The National Long-Term Segregation Review Committee will:
    1. review the case of every inmate who reaches 60 days in administrative segregation, and will review such cases at least once every 30 days thereafter
    2. review the case of every inmate who has reached 4 placements in a calendar year or 90 cumulative days in a calendar year, and will review such cases at least once every 30 days thereafter
    3. consider the inmate’s Aboriginal social history, gender considerations, state of mental and physical health and health care needs, including available mental health treatment options
    4. provide the inmate with a written copy of the Committee’s review, including information about the grievance process, within five working days of the review.
  4. The Senior Deputy Commissioner may direct the Institutional Head to take action in order to resolve the inmate’s segregation status.

HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND SERVICES

  1. The provision of regular health assessments, including mental health assessments, for inmates confined in administrative segregation includes the following obligations:
    1. a health care professional must visit an inmate at the time of admission or without delay to establish if there are any health concerns
    2. a mental health professional, or other mental health staff under the supervision of a mental health professional, must provide a written opinion on the inmate’s current mental health status, any noted deterioration of mental health and the appropriateness of a referral to Mental Health Services (if applicable) within the first 25 days of admission to administrative segregation and an assessment of current mental health status once every subsequent 60 days. This assessment is completed pursuant to the Health Consultation and Assessment for Administrative Segregation Guidelines
    3. a health care professional must visit each inmate in administrative segregation daily, including on weekends and holidays
    4. a health care professional will provide comments to the Institutional Segregation Review Board in regards to the physical/mental health of every inmate being presented to the Segregation Review Board.

ADMINISTRATIVE SEGREGATION TRANSFERS

  1. Transfers of inmates in administrative segregation will be pursuant to Annexes F and G of GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines and CD 710-2 – Transfer of Inmates.

ADMINISTRATIVE SEGREGATION RECORDS

  1. The Segregation Log (CSC/SCC 0218) will be maintained in the administrative segregation area and all relevant sections of the form will be completed by all staff and visitors.

CITIZEN ADVISORY COMMITTEES

  1. Citizen Advisory Committees (CAC) will be provided access to administrative segregation units at any time for the purpose of observing the conditions of confinement or to consult with inmates at the inmate’s request.
  2. CAC members are encouraged to provide impartial feedback to the Institutional Head on concerns related to conditions of confinement or any other concerns they have noted in the segregation unit.
  3. CAC members are encouraged to attend at the Institutional and Regional Segregation Review Board meetings.

Commissioner,

Original signed by:
Don Head

ANNEX A

CROSS-REFERENCES AND DEFINITIONS

CROSS-REFERENCES

CD 023 – Citizen Advisory Committees
CD 081 – Offender Complaints and Grievances
CD 084 – Inmates’ Access to Legal Assistance and the Police
CD 259 – Exposure to Second Hand Smoke
CD 559 – Visits
CD 566-1 – Control of Entry to and Exit from Institutions
CD 566-8 – Searching of Staff and Visitors
CD 580 – Discipline of Inmates
CD 700 – Correctional Interventions
CD 701 – Information Sharing
CD 702 – Aboriginal Offenders
CD 705-3 – Immediate Needs Identification and Admission Interviews
GL 709-1 – Administrative Segregation Guidelines
CD 710-2 – Transfer of Inmates
CD 710-6 – Review of Inmate Security Classification
CD 720 – Education Programs and Services for Offenders
CD 726 – Correctional Programs
CD 730 – Offender Program Assignments and Inmate Payments
CD 800 – Health Services
CD 843 – Interventions to Preserve Life and Prevent Serious Bodily Harm

Administrative Segregation Handbook for Staff
Health Consultation and Assessment for Administrative Segregation Guidelines
Integrated Mental Health Guidelines

DEFINITIONS

Administrative segregation: the separation of an inmate to prevent association with other inmates, when specific legal requirements are met, other than pursuant to a disciplinary decision.

Advocate: inmates who have been identified as having functional challenges related to mental health will be permitted the opportunity to engage an advocate to assist them with the segregation review board process. For the purposes of this policy, an advocate is a person who, in the opinion of the Institutional Head, is acting or will act in the best interest of the inmate.

Elder/Spiritual Advisor: any person recognized by an Aboriginal community as having knowledge and understanding of the traditional culture of the community, including the physical manifestations of the culture of the people and their spiritual and social traditions and ceremonies. Knowledge and wisdom, coupled with the recognition and respect of the people of the community, are the essential defining characteristics of an Elder/Spiritual Advisor. Elders/Spiritual Advisors are known by many other titles depending on the region or local practices. An example is “Angakuk” who is an Inuit shaman or medicine man.

Exceptional circumstance: an immediate situation which endangers the life, safety or health of inmates, staff, visitors, or the security of the institution.

Functional challenges related to mental health: cognitive impairment or severe personality disorder with disturbance in emotional regulation, interpersonal relationships and behavioural controls, resulting in difficulties in functioning within the structure of a mainstream institution.

Health care professional: an individual registered or licensed for autonomous practice in the province of practice. Individuals must operate within their scope of practice and competence. Examples include Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Physicians, Nurses, and Clinical Social Workers.

Inmate in palliative care: an individual in an advanced stage of a chronic life-ending illness where medical interventions are primarily focused on providing comfort, relieving pain, improving quality of life, and addressing associated psychosocial, psychological and spiritual end-of-life issues.

Intermediate mental health care: mental health care provided to inmates who do not need to be in a hospital, or do not consent to hospital admission, but still need more mental health care than is available at the primary care level.

Mental health professional: CSC staff and contractors who offer services for the purposes of improving an offender’s mental health and are registered or licensed in Canada, preferably in the province/territory of practice. Individuals will operate within their scope of practice and competence. Examples include Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Physicians, Mental Health Nurses, and Clinical Social Workers.

Mental health services: include intake mental health screening, comprehensive mental health assessments, primary care (i.e. treatment and other mental health interventions), intermediate mental health care, as well as psychiatric hospital care.

Pregnant inmate: an individual confirmed to be pregnant based on a positive pregnancy test and relevant physical examination.

Primary care: mental health care provided to offenders whose mental health needs can be accommodated by the mental health services offered in mainstream institutions.

Psychiatric hospital care: mental health care provided to offenders with acute mental health concerns requiring a clinical environment providing 24-hour patient care coverage.

Serious mental illness with significant impairment: presentation of symptoms associated with psychotic, major depressive and bipolar disorders resulting in significant impairment in functioning. Assessment of mental disorder and level of impairment is a clinical judgement and determined by a registered health care professional. Significant impairment may be characterized by severe impairment in mood, reality testing, communication or judgement, behavior that is influenced by delusions or hallucinations, inability to maintain personal hygiene and serious impairment in social and interpersonal interactions. This group includes inmates who are certified in accordance with the relevant provincial/territorial legislation.

Significant mobility impairment: an inability to perform the activities associated with walking or any complex physical movement, even with assistive devices/adaptive equipment due to limitations of a body system(s), such as musculoskeletal, cardiovascular or neurological.

Without delay: immediately unless there are compelling circumstances preventing immediate action and in those circumstances, the delay cannot be more than 24 hours.

For more information

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit the Canada Gazette and Consulting with Canadians websites.