Commissioner's Directive

Health Services

PURPOSE

  • To provide offenders with efficient, effective health services that encourage individual responsibility, promote healthy reintegration and contribute to safe communities

APPLICATION

Applies to all staff, as relevant

RESPONSIBILITIES

  1. The Assistant Commissioner, Health Services, and/or Health Services Directors General are authorized to establish direction that must be adhered to by all health care professionals and other applicable staff, as outlined in Annex B.
  2. The Regional Director, Health Services, will ensure:
    1. the provision of health services to offenders in Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) institutions and in the community, in accordance with relevant legislation, professionally accepted standards, CSC policies and practice directives
    2. implementation of procedures to monitor and evaluate the quality and timeliness of health services and in a manner that promotes patient safety and quality improvement.
  3. The Institutional Head will ensure that:
    1. appropriate space is available for the provision of confidential health services
    2. a process is in place to allow offenders to submit in confidence a request for health services and to facilitate access to these services
    3. a process is in place for the ordering, handling and/or distribution of over-the-counter drugs available through the inmate canteen or those that must be ordered through the inmate purchasing process
    4. the relevant health services chief(s) are included in management discussions and decisions to ensure the consideration of health services issues
    5. a process is in place for non-health care professionals to provide access to medication that cannot be issued to inmates for self-administration when no health care professional is on site, in accordance with CSC’s Medication Distribution and Administration Guidelines
    6. approved infection control and harm reduction items (such as non-lubricated, non-spermicidal latex condoms, water-based lubricants, individually packaged dental dams and bleach) are purchased and provided. These items will be discreetly accessible to inmates at a minimum of three locations in CSC institutions, as well as in all private family visiting units, so that no inmate is required to make a request to a staff member
    7. cells are available to meet the health care needs of inmates, as determined by a health care professional. An inmate in an observation cell for health care reasons, however, will not be considered to have an administrative segregation status if the only reason for placement in administrative segregation is by virtue of where the cell is located.
  4. The District Director will ensure that:
    1. appropriate space is available for the provision of confidential health services
    2. in Community Correctional Centres, that narcotics and controlled drugs are stored in a CSC-approved safe in a secure area
    3. access to medications is provided in accordance with CD 714 – Community Correctional Centre Standards.
  5. The Manager, Clinical Services, and/or the Manager, Institutional Mental Health, will ensure that processes are in place for:
    1. informing the Institutional Head of the type of accommodation an offender requires, as determined by a health care professional
    2. the sharing of risk-related health information with relevant operations staff, particularly if there is a likelihood for significant impairment in the offender’s functioning within the institution, and/or impact successful reintegration
    3. the facilitation of interdisciplinary health teamh team meetings, as required, in collaboration with the Institutional Head.
  6. The Manager, Clinical Services, will ensure that processes are in place for:
    1. the storing of narcotics and controlled drugs in a CSC approved safe in the medication room
    2. the review and annual signature of medical directives by the Physician, and the keeping of originals in an administrative file
    3. discharge planning for offenders with complex health needs
    4. the delegation of medical acts to health care professionals, consistent with the standards of regulatory bodies of the province or territory of practice.
  7. The Manager, Institutional Mental Health, will ensure the provision of comprehensive mental health services to support rehabilitation and successful reintegration.
  8. The Manager, Institutional Mental Health, and/or Chief Psychologist (community) will ensure processes are in place for the completion of psychological risk assessments, in accordance with relevant policies.
  9. The Manager, Community Mental Health, will ensure the provision of:
    1. clinical discharge planning for offenders with major mental disorders or moderate to severe impairment from mental disorders in order to assist in their release planning and transition to the community
    2. mental health services at select sites in the community to support rehabilitation and successful reintegration, including psychological services pursuant to Parole Board of Canada conditions.
  10. Health care professionals, including those providing services under contract, will:
    1. provide health services to offenders consistent with relevant provincial/territorial and federal legislation, the provincial/territorial regulatory body’s professional practice standards, as well as CSC policies and practice directives
    2. ensure health services are sensitive to the needs of Aboriginal and women offenders, and offenders with special needs. To the extent possible and with the offender’s prior consent, health professionals providing services to Aboriginal offenders will consult with Elders to gain an Aboriginal perspective on the impact of the offender’s social history in order to deliver culturally relevant health services
    3. provide emergency first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), according to their certification, to visitors, children who are participating in the Mother-Child Program and staff until external emergency services are available.
  11. All institutional staff/contractors (including those in Community Correctional Centres) will:
    1. inform a health care professional of the condition of any offender who appears to have a physical or mental health concern, whether or not the offender identifies a health concern
    2. relay an offender’s request for health services to a health care professional in a timely manner.
  12. Should an offender appear to require immediate medical attention, institutional staff/contractors’ response will be consistent with that of a medical emergency and in accordance with GL 800-4 – Response to Medical Emergencies.

PROCEDURES

Health Service Delivery

  1. Health services will be provided by:
    1. health care professionals who operate within their scope of practice and competence, registered or licensed for practice in Canada and preferably in the province of practice. The Chief Psychologist, however, must always be registered in the province of practice
    2. non-registered and/or unregulated health care providers in collaboration with, and as assigned by, a registered or licensed health care professional
    3. unlicensed mental health care providers under the supervision of a licensed mental health professional.
  2. Health services will be available to offenders through:
    1. CSC Health Services, or
    2. access to external community services.

Reception

  1. Upon admission to federal custody, offenders will be offered an assessment of their health care needs, in accordance with applicable policies as outlined in Annexes A and B.
  2. Medications found in offenders’ personal property at admission must be sent to the Regional Pharmacy for disposal.

Medical Emergency Situations

  1. All staff and contractors (including non-health) will respond to medical emergencies. The primary goal is the preservation of life while ensuring the personal safety of staff and other individuals. Once on the scene, the health care professional or the ambulance service assumes responsibility for the medical response, as appropriate.
  2. For medical emergency situations where the offender is not able to provide consent to treatment, Guidelines on Consent to Health Service Assessment, Treatment and Release of Information will be followed.

Involuntary Admission and Treatment

  1. Involuntary admission to a CSC Regional Treatment Centre for mental health needs, and involuntary treatment in either a Regional Treatment Centre or CSC mainstream institution, will be in accordance with relevant federal and provincial/territorial legislation and Guidelines on Consent to Health Service Assessment, Treatment and Release of Information.

Pregnant Offenders

  1. For pregnant offenders, Health Services will ensure arrangements for childbirth are made at an outside hospital.

ENQUIRIES

  1. Strategic Policy Division
    National Headquarters
    Email: Gen-NHQPolicy-Politi@csc-scc.gc.ca

Commissioner,

Original Signed by:
Don Head

ANNEX A

CROSS-REFERENCES AND DEFINITIONS

CROSS-REFERENCES

ISD 318-7 – Environmental Management of Waste
CD 566-12 – Personal Property of Offenders
CD 567-1 – Use of Force      
CD 567-3 – Use of Restraint Equipment for Security Purposes
CD 567-4 – Use of Chemical and Inflammatory Agents
CD 700 – Correctional Interventions
CD 701 – Information Sharing
CD 705-3 – Immediate Needs Identification and Admission Interviews
CD 705-5 – Supplementary Intake Assessments
CD 708 – Special Handling Unit
CD 709 – Administrative Segregation
CD 710-2 – Transfer of Inmates
GL 710-2-3 – Inmate Transfer Processes
CD 710-6 - Review of Inmate Security Classification
CD 712 – Case Preparation and Pre-Release Framework
CD 712-1 – Pre-Release Decision Making
CD 712-2 - Detention
CD 712-4 – Release Process
CD 714 – Community Correctional Centre Standards
CD 715-1 – Community Supervision
CD 715-2 – Post-Release Decision Process
CD 843 – Management of Inmate Self-Injurious and Suicidal Behaviour
CD 860 – Offender’s Money and Policy Bulletin 199 (2005-12-23) “Clarification regarding the purchase of dietary supplements and alternate therapies”
CD 890 – Inmate Owned Canteens

DEFINITIONS

Health services : physical and mental health services, which include health promotion, disease prevention, health maintenance, patient education, diagnosis and treatment of illnesses, in accordance with the National Essential Health Services Framework.

Interdisciplinary Health Team (IHT) : a team chaired by the Chief Psychologist or Chief, Health Services, or delegate, with team members that may include health care professionals (physical or mental health), Parole Officers, Correctional Managers, Elders, and ad hoc members as required. The IHT discusses current clinical, operational and case management issues/concerns, short-term/long-term goals, and the roles and responsibilities of all staff intervening with the offender, in order to respond effectively, as well as provide advice and support to the offender.

Medical emergency : an injury or condition that poses an immediate threat to a person's health or life which requires medical intervention.

National Essential Health Services Framework : a structure that clarifies and defines essential health services in the areas of clinical services, mental health and public health as per the CCRA requirement to “provide every inmate with essential health care and reasonable access to non essential mental health care”.

ANNEX B

PRACTICE DIRECTIVES

It is mandatory that the following practice directives (e.g. tools, user guides, manuals, guidelines, frameworks, etc.) be adhered to by all health care professionals and other staff, as applicable.

GL 800-1 – Hunger Strike: Managing an Inmate's Health
GL 800-2 – Physical Restraints for Medical Purposes
GL 800-3 – Consent to Health Service Assessment, Treatment and Release of Information
GL 800-4 – Response to Medical Emergencies
GL 800-5 – Gender Dysphoria
GL 800-6 – Bleach Distribution
GL 800-7 – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Protocol for Managing Significant Exposure to Blood and/or Other Body Fluids
GL 800-8 – Cleaning Blood and/or Other Body Fluid Spills

Adverse Events Guidelines
CSC National Formulary
Discharge Planning and Transfer Guidelines
Documentation for Health Services Professionals
Emergency Drug Box User’s Guide
Emergency Medical Directives User’s Guide
Guidelines for Sharing Personal Health Information
High Alert Medications Guidelines
Hospice Palliative Care Guidelines for Correctional Service Canada
Infection Prevention and Control Guidelines
Medication Distribution and Administration Guidelines
Medication Reconciliation Guidelines
National Essential Health Services Framework
Pandemic Influenza – A Guiding Framework for Health Services in the Correctional Service of Canada
Regional Pharmacy Services – Operations and Standards Manual
Safe Handling, Packaging, Transport and Storage of Hazardous Drugs
Specific Guidelines for the Treatment of Opiate Dependence (Methadone/Suboxone®)
Vaccine/Refrigerated Medication Storage and Handling Guidelines

The following are under review, with the objective of integration and/or streamlining:
Adapted Calgary Interagency Pain Assessment Tool
Community Mental Health Service Delivery Guidelines
Computerized Mental Health Intake Screening System National Guidelines
Health Care Requirements on Reception and Transfer
Institutional Mental Health Services Guidelines
Management of Viral Hepatitis Guidelines
Medical Device Maintenance Program
Psychological Services Manual
Regional Pharmacy/Institutional Medication Storage Areas Self-Audit Process
Regional Treatment Centre Guidelines

  • Assessment, Treatment Planning, and Progress Monitoring Guidelines
  • Compilation of RTC Standardized Guidelines
  • Mental Health Need Scale and Associated Guidelines
  • Regional Treatment Centre Standardized Discharge Guidelines
  • Treatment Centre Admission and Discharge Guidelines

Sexually Transmitted Infections Guidelines
Tuberculosis Prevention and Control Guidelines for Federal Correctional Institutions
Use of Medication Delivery Devices – User Guide

For more information

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit the Canada Gazette and Consulting with Canadians websites.