Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Age, Gender and Indigenous Ancestry
Enhanced surveillance data between 2005 and 2012 in the Web-enabled Infectious Disease Surveillance System (WebIDSS) was examined for records with evidence of HCV testing. HCV cases were determined by either a positive serology result (antibody or RNA positive), treated for HCV, or self-reported HCV positive status. Records were reviewed for data quality and consistency. HCV case status was cross tabulated with gender, Indigenous ancestry, and age. Data were extracted June 2016.
Analysis and Results
A total of 25,655 records with information on HCV status were included in the analysis. Of these, 6,524 records met the definition for HCV case status (25.4%). Of the 6,524 HCV cases, 5,216 (80%) already knew their positive status on admission (1,231, or 24% were newly diagnosed via routine screening at intake). Of the 1,308 inmates newly diagnosed with HCV on follow up during their incarceration, 330 had baseline negative serology data (laboratory confirmed seroconversion)Footnote 1.
|HCV Case Prevalence±||ChiSquare|
±-Numbers may not add due to missing data
HCV prevalence was higher among women offenders (33.1% vs 24.9%), higher among inmates of Indigenous ancestry (31.8% vs 23.6%), and highest among inmates 40-49 years of age (40.1%) (see Table 1).
Indigenous Ancestry and Gender
HCV prevalence was highest among women offenders of Indigenous ancestry (44.8%) compared to male inmates of Indigenous ancestry (30.4%) and other women offenders (27.7%) (see Figure 1).
Gender and Age
Among male inmates, the highest HCV prevalence was observed among 40-49 (40.3%) and 50-59 (37.5%) age groups. Among women offenders, the highest HCV prevalence was observed among 40-49 (38.4%) and 30-39 (38.0%) age groups.
Among male inmates of Indigenous ancestry the highest HCV prevalence was observed among 50-59 (51.1%) and 40-49 (50.9%) age groups. Among women offenders of Indigenous ancestry, the highest HCV prevalence was observed among 50-59 (61.5%) and 40-49 (59.8%) age groups.
The estimated HCV prevalence of 25.4% among inmates in CSC was consistent with previously published reports using other methodsFootnote 2. Most (80%) of the burden of prevalence is acquired prior to incarceration at CSC. This analysis demonstrates that particular subgroups (women offenders, inmates of Indigenous ancestry), especially older women offenders of Indigenous ancestry are at increased likelihood of having HCV.
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