Evaluation of the SDS 2007-2010

In this section, we review the results of the previous SDS.

The SDS 2007-2010 provided a concrete, comprehensive and transparent approach to achieving Sustainable Development. There were 14 targets set and we had achieved or surpassed 13 and one had been partially achieved. These results are the greatest success CSC has reached since the first documented departmental SDS published in 1997.

The following pages describe in more detail the achievements reached for each target of the SDS 2007-2010.

Goals, Objectives and Targets

Goal 1
Contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that are responsible for climate change
Objective 1.1
Reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, in particular CO2 to attenuate climate change
Reduction of CO2 emissions produced by our central heating plants and institutional heating systems.
Reduction of indirect CO2 emissions attributable to our consumption of electricity.
Reduction of CO2 emissions produced by fuel combustion from our on-road vehicle fleet.
Target 1.1.1
By March 2010, we will reduce our natural gas and/or heating oil consumption by 2%.
Target 1.1.2
By March 2010, we will install 2 large wind turbines and implement other renewable energy projects.
Target 1.1.3
By March 2010, 10% of all new acquired vehicles will have been hybrid models or run on alternative fuels.
Target Achieved Target Achieved Target Achieved

Assessment Results - Goal 1

Target 1.1.1 An analysis of the energy consumption data was completed November 2010. The fuel consumption of non-electrical energy decreased by more than 2% for each fuel type relative to the baseline year (2006-2007), with the exception of heavy oil. Heavy oil is used only at one site, Dorchester Penitentiary. To better understand and for comparison purposes, the consumption data was converted to a common unit – gigajoules – a metric term to measure energy use. The total amount of energy use decreased from 1,648,556 GJ in 2006/07 to 1,567,588 GJ in 2009-2010, a reduction of 4.9%.

Target 1.1.2 The first 600 kW/h wind turbine at Dorchester/Westmorland institutions (Atlantic Region) was installed in spring 2009.

A second 600 kW/h wind turbine at Drumheller Institution (Prairie Region) was installed in summer 2010.

Target 1.1.3 As of March 2011, 184 of 255 newly acquired vehicles (72%) had the capacity to run on Ethanol 85 (E85). Ethanol 85 is considered as an alternative to conventional fuels and consists of a mixture of up to 85% ethanol and gasoline by volume. Ethanol fuel is considered a renewable resource as it is derived from starchy crops such as sugar, potatoes and corn.

Goal 2
Contribute to the protection of the atmosphere
Objective 2.1
Reduce the environmental impacts of air pollution on ecosystems, the natural and built heritage
Improvement to monitoring practices of
nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from our central heating plants, which contribute to smog and acid precipitation.
Reduction of the risks of halocarbon releases from our central refrigeration and/or air-conditioning systems, which contribute to the stratospheric ozone layer depletion.
Target 2.1.1
By March 2010, we will optimize boiler operation, including NOx emissions measurements, by expanding the annual tune-up of large boilers to all regions.
Target 2.1.2
By March 2010, we will replace the 3 large cooling systems that represent the highest risk of leaks.
Target Achieved Target Achieved

Assessment Results - Goal 2

Target 2.1.1 CSC has been working with the Energy Technology Application Group (ETAG) of Natural Resources Canada to reduce its energy consumption and costs as well as its greenhouse gas and environmental emissions. ETAG has been working on a program for the past several years which combines the annual burner tuning (optimization) fuel consumption with the annual boiler operating records, to calculate an annual weight of NOx emissions at each institution with a Central Heating Plant.

Target 2.1.2 Among other regions, Ontario Region completed four projects to replace cooling systems and they are as follows:

  1. Fenbrook Institution – replacement of two four ton units;
  2. Beaver Creek Institution – replacement of an outdated unit (15 years);
  3. Joyceville Institution – replacement of an air conditioning unit; and
  4. Millhaven Institution – replacement of a condenser unit.
Goal 3
Contribute to the conservation of the tropospheric air quality
Objective 3.1
Reduce the risks to human health and well-being caused by poor air quality in the lower atmosphere
Reduction of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from our petroleum storage tanks, that contributes to urban smog.
Target 3.1.1
By March 2010, we will implement 5 Phase 1 and 2 VOC Recovery Projects on our petroleum storage tanks.
Target Achieved

Assessment Results - Goal 3

Target 3.1.1 A Phase 1 Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) recovery system is a method to reclaim the petroleum vapour emitted during the offloading of fuel into a storage tank. A Phase 2 VOC recovery system is a method to reclaim petroleum vapor emitted during vehicle fuelling. Since the publication of CSC's SDS 2007-2010, it was determined that Phase 2 VOC recovery systems were not cost effective nor provided significant environmental benefits and therefore we discontinued implementing such systems.

The following is a list of five institutions that have installed Phase 1 VOC recovery systems during the SDS 2007-2010 cycle:

  1. Joyceville Institution (Ontario Region);
  2. Collins Bay Institution (Ontario Region);
  3. Kingston Penitentiary (Ontario Region);
  4. Bath Institution (Ontario Region); and
  5. Warkworth Institution (Ontario Region).
Goal 4
Contribute to the protection of the hydrosphere
Objective 4.1
Reduce water and aquatic ecosystem pollution
Objective 4.2
Promote water conservation
Implementation of projects to upgrade our wastewater treatment systems in order to improve their current operational performance.
Reduction of our water consumption via the implementation of multiple measures to conserve potable water.
Target 4.1.1
By March 2010, we will implement 3 projects to improve the quality of targeted outfall (effluent) from our wastewater treatment systems.
Target 4.2.1
By March 2010 we will reduce our potable water consumption by 10%.
Target Achieved Target Achieved

Assessment Results - Goal 4

Target 4.1.1 Wastewater treatment systems are used to modify the quality of wastewater in order to remove or reduce contained solids or other undesirable constituents by a combination of physical, chemical and biological processes. Three Wastewater Optimization Studies were undertaken at Atlantic (Atlantic Region), PêSâkâstêw (Prairie Region) and Warkworth (Ontario Region) institutions to evaluate all aspects of plant design, maintenance and operations and to identify areas for improvement to optimize treatment capability within the current system. The implementation of several of the short term items have improved treatment efficiency and ensured that the institutions meet effluent quality guidelines. Several longer term action items are also being completed and will allow our wastewater treatment facilities to operate at improved efficiency. At William Head institution (Pacific Region), a wastewater process upgrade was completed to ensure secondary treatment effluent quality. At Cowansville institution (Quebec Region), a seasonal chemical phosphorous removal process was implemented to meet provincial guidelines and to improve effluent quality. The chemical removal has resulted in phosphorous concentrations being reduced by approximately 85%.

Target 4.2.1 Water conservation is defined as the protection, development, and efficient management of water resources for beneficial purposes. Although water consumption varies region to region, the overall total consumption rate has dropped by 11% despite the increase in population at the institutions.

Goal 5
Contribute to the support of sustainable communities
Objective 5.1
Promote a high level of environmental quality in communities
Remediation of contaminated sites and other sources of contaminants, such as farm operations.
Continuation of environmental site assessments (ESA) of potentially contaminated areas based on ecotoxicological risks.
Target 5.1.1
By March 2010, we will proceed with the remediation of a minimum of three priority contaminated sites and expand our environmental farms management plan.
Target 5.1.2
By March 2010, we will proceed with a minimum of six new environmental assessments of potentially contaminated sites based on their risks to health and ecosystems.
Target Achieved Target Achieved

Assessment Results - Goal 5

Target 5.1.1 Since the 2007-2008 fiscal year, CSC's Environmental Protection Programs has completed 10 remediation projects:

  1. Site Specific Risk Assessment, Atlantic Institution (Atlantic Region);
  2. Contaminated Soil Excavation and Disposal, La Macaza Institution (Quebec Region);
  3. Soil Removal & Confirmatory Sampling, Regional Headquarters (Ontario Region);
  4. Tank Removal & Soil Remediation Program, Beaver Creek Institution (Ontario Region);
  5. Site Specific Risk and Sediment Assessment, Pittsburgh Institution (Ontario Region);
  6. Environmental Site Assessment, Site Specific Human Health, Ecological Risk Assessment and Remedial Options Evaluation, Warkworth (Ontario Region); Soil Disposal and Installation of an Aboveground Storage Tank Containment System,
  7. Bowden Institution (Prairie Region);
  8. Soil Removal, Disposal & Confirmatory Sampling, Bowden Institution (Prairie Region);
  9. Removal of Impacted Soil from Berm Firing Range, Bowden Institution (Prairie Region); and
  10. Detailed Quantitative Risk Assessment, William Head Institution (Pacific Region).

Target 5.1.2 Since the 2007-2008 fiscal year, CSC's Environmental Protection Programs has completed over 100 environmental site assessments in line with the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan, to determine the level, if any, of contamination. The following is a sample list of assessments that have been completed since the 2007-2008 fiscal year:

  1. Detailed Environmental Site Assessment (ESA), Springhill Institution (Atlantic Region);
  2. Detailed ESA, Westmorland Institution
    (Atlantic Region);
  3. Preliminary ESA, Archambault Institution
    (Quebec Region);
  4. Preliminary ESA, Federal Training Centre
    (Quebec Region);
  5. Preliminary ESA, Kingston Penitentiary
    (Ontario Region);
  6. Historical study ESA, Frontenac Institution
    (Ontario Region);
  7. Detailed ESA, Stony Mountain Institution
    (Prairie Region);
  8. Preliminary ESA, Rockwood Institution
    (Prairie Region);
  9. Preliminary ESA, Matsqui Institution
    (Pacific Region); and
  10. Historical study and Preliminary ESA, Mountain Institution (Pacific Region).
Goal 6
Contribute to the sustainable use of natural resources
Objective 6.1
Encourage responsible and efficient use of natural resources that preserve and protect the quality of the environment
Consolidation and improvement of our institutional recycling and composting programs.
Development and publication of a departmental policy on green procurement
Training on green procurement for our purchasing officers.
Target 6.1.1
By March 2010, we will conduct five institutional solid waste audits (one per region). This will allow us to further improve our solid waste management practices.
Target 6.1.2
By March 2010, we will develop and publish an internal policy on green procurement.
Target 6.1.3
By March 2010, 50% of our purchasing officers will receive training on green procurement.
Target Achieved Target Partially Achieved Target Achieved

Assessment Results - Goal 6

Target 6.1.1 The objective of waste auditing is to quantify and characterize a waste stream for the purpose of a more efficient and sustainable waste management system. Six solid waste audits were conducted at the following institutions:

  1. Springhill Institution (Atlantic Region);
  2. Bath Institution (Ontario Region);
  3. Leclerc Institution (Quebec Region);
  4. Cowansville Institution (Quebec Region);
  5. Saskatchewan Penitentiary and Riverbend Institution (Prairie Region); and
  6. Mountain Institution (Pacific Region).

Target 6.1.2 A draft Green Procurement Policy was developed and a consultation was conducted, however it was not adopted nor published prior to March 2010. CSC is currently finalizing its Green Procurement Policy and it is expected to be implemented by the end of September 2012.

Target 6.1.3 The national total of purchasing officers that have received training on green procurement is 55 of 81 persons, which is 67% of the targeted population.

Goal 7
Contribute to the reinforcement of governance and decisions that support Sustainable Development
Objective 7.1
Measure performance toward SDS commitments
Presentation of regular SDS progress reports to Senior Management.
Target 7.1.1
Starting April 2007, a SDS progress report will be prepared twice a year for Senior Management.
Target Achieved

Assessment Results - Goal 7

Target 7.1.1 Environmental Protection Programs has been reporting semi-annually to Senior Management since the publishing of CSC's SDS in 2007.