Main Goal of SDS 2012-2015

Contribute to the protection of the environment and conservation of natural resources by minimizing the ecological impacts of Government operations.

GOAL 1

Contribute to the sustainable use of natural resources.

Objective 1

[This objective includes one commitment and one target.]

Achieve a high level of environmental performance at selected institutions.

Commitment 1.1

Improve design and construction practices by applying, where cost-effective, green building criteria.

Target 1.1

By September 30, 2012, develop and implement an internal checklist on green buildings to be applied to regional and national construction & renovation projects.

OPI

Director General, Technical Services and Facilities

Performance Measures
  • The internal checklist on green buildings is developed by the target date.
  • The checklist is being applied for regional and national construction & renovation projects, except when the LEED (NC) "Silver" or equivalent standard is already followed.

Construction of Perimeter Road, Federal Training Centre, Quebec Region
Construction of Perimeter Road, Federal Training Centre,
Quebec Region

Rationale

Given the nature and particularities of correctional facilities (e.g. institutions are occupied and lit 24 hours a day, and security systems are constantly active), it was determined that the systematic application of industry-recognized design assessment tools (such as LEED NC, Green Globes or equivalent) to CSC's construction/ renovation projects is not applicable, cost effective or feasible. Based on these considerations, the preferred approach is to develop an internal "Green Building Design Checklist" that integrates only the criteria that are relevant to most of CSC's construction and renovation projects.

Objective 2

[This objective includes six commitments and six targets]

Support responsible and efficient use of natural resources that preserve and protect the quality of the environment.

Commitment 2.1

Dispose, reuse or recycle all surplus electronic and electrical equipment (EEE) in an environmentally sound and secure manner.

Target 2.1

By March 31, 2013, an internal environmental directive will be developed to provide direction on the disposal/reuse of EEE-waste.

OPI

Director, Environment

Performance Measures
  • The internal environmental directive on EEE-waste is developed on time.
  • The EEE-waste directive is implemented and regional measures are in place to support proper disposal/reuse of EEE-waste.

Electronic and Electrical Equipment Wast
Electronic and Electrical Equipment Waste

Rationale

The target is in line with the Federal SDS GGO target on this topic. National Headquarters will work with the Regional Headquarters and institutions to develop and implement a process and the required infrastructure (e.g.: regional depots) for the disposal of EEE-waste.

Other considerations

CSC will consider incorporating environmentally responsible EEE-waste disposal clauses in new contracts and/or standing offers for purchasing of electronic equipment.

Commitment 2.2

Reduce paper consumption by limiting the number of printing units across CSC.

Target 2.2

By September, 2014, CSC will achieve (where building occupancy levels, security considerations, and space configuration allow) an 8:1 average ratio of office employees to printing units.

OPI

Chief Information Officer/Director General

Performance Measure

  • Average ratio of office employees to printing units.
Rationale

The target is in line with the Federal SDS GGO target on this topic. IMS will be coordinating this initiative between National Headquarters, Regional Headquarters and institutional Information Technology staff. Considerations toward achieving this target include minimizing work disruptions, lease arrangement constraints, the technical/logistical workload involved, and optimization of equipment replacement after the operational units have reached the end of their lifecycle.

Other considerations

IMS will ensure that all printing units are systematically set by default for two-sided printing and that the automatic banner sheet function is disabled.

Commitment 2.3

Increase awareness of paper reduction initiatives at CSC.

Target 2.3

By March 31, 2014, CSC will develop and communicate to all operational units, a paper reduction awareness program.

OPI

Director, Environment

Performance Measure
  • The paper reduction awareness program is developed and communicated to all operational units on a timely basis.
Rationale

The target is "partially" consistent with the Federal SDS GGO target on this topic. CSC is a decentralized organization, which makes the tracking of paper purchases significantly challenging. Hence, it has been determined our efforts should be in invested toward the actual implementation of internal paper reduction measures, and less toward paper consumption monitoring tools.

Commitment 2.4

Ensure that solid waste recycling programs are effective at all institutions.

Target 2.4

By March 31, 2014, where recycling markets are available, all institutions will optimize their recycling program to divert paper, cardboard, metal, plastic, glass and wood materials from landfills.

OPI

Wardens

Performance Measure
  • The number of institutions that have implemented and/or optimized an intensive recycling program (i.e. significant solid waste diversion measures that are operational) relative to the total number of institutions.

Recycling station, Regional Psychiatric Centre, Prairie Region
Recycling station, Regional Psychiatric Centre,
Prairie Region

Rationale

Institutions are confronted with particular security constraints which have limited the full implementation of recycling measures at all sites. This organizational reality has in certain cases impacted progress to date. Many improvements are still required in order to source separate and divert more recyclables from the solid waste sent to landfills.

Commitment 2.5

Reduce non-reusable/non-recyclable materials from CSC institutional waste stream.

Target 2.5

By March 31, 2014, CSC will reduce the use of polystyrene (plastic-based) food containers and single-serving food packaging from its institutional waste stream.

OPI

Director, Food Services

Performance Measure
  • The number of institutional central kitchens that have implemented a significant reduction or elimination of polystyrene (plastic based) food containers and single serving food packaging.
Rationale

For security issues and related costs, institutions with centralized food services have a high usage of polystyrene (plastic based) food containers and single-serving food packaging. This type of garbage ends up in the waste stream and ultimately in the landfills. There is growing interest from institutional staff to reduce the environmental impacts associated with these practices, and under their own initiative are testing new food containers that are reusable, recyclable or compostable.

Kitchen recycling, Bowden Institution, Prairie Region
Kitchen recycling, Bowden Institution,
Prairie Region

EcoLogo

Commitment 2.6

Adopt an internal guideline on Green Procurement.

Target 2.6

By September 30, 2012, CSC will implement an internal guideline on Green Procurement.

OPI

Comptroller

Performance Measure
  • The internal guideline on Green Procurement is finalized and implemented according to schedule.
Rationale

In CSC's SDS 2007-2010, this target was not fully achieved. The reiteration of this target will ensure full implementation. The commitment is consistent with the Federal SDS GGO target on this topic, where each department will establish at least three SMART green procurement targets to reduce environmental impacts.

Other considerations

Following the adoption of an internal guideline (policy) on green procurement, Contracting & Materiel Services division will identify products with significant negative environmental impacts in order to target key green goods & services. In addition, corporate measures should be put in place to track and support progress on green procurement purchases.

Springhill Institution, Atlantic Region
Springhill Institution, Atlantic Region

GOAL 2

Contribute to the protection of the atmosphere.

Objective 3

[This objective includes three commitments and three targets.]

Reduce the negative environmental impacts of air pollution on ecosystems.

Commitment 3.1

Reduce nitrogen oxide and sulphur oxide emissions (NOx and SOx) from Central Heating Plant (CHP) boilers, which contribute to smog and acid precipitation.

Target 3.1

By March 31, 2014, convert the only remaining CHP at the Dorchester Penitentiary that still consumes heavy oil no.6 (bunker fuel) as primary fuel source to natural gas.

OPI

Director, Capital Projects Implementation

Performance Measure
  • The project to convert (from bunker fuel to natural gas) the CHP at Dorchester Penitentiary is completed by the deadline.

Dorchester Penitentiary, Atlantic Region
Dorchester Penitentiary, Atlantic Region

Rationale

The Dorchester Penitentiary has the only remaining CHP that continues to consume bunker fuel (heavy oil no.6) as its primary fuel source. Its conversion to natural gas will significantly reduce CSC's overall NOx and SOx emissions.

Commitment 3.2

Maintain annual monitoring practices of NOx emissions from Central Heating Plants (CHPs), which contribute to smog and acid precipitation.

Target 3.2

Optimize boiler operation, including NOx emissions measurements, by maintaining in all regions, the annual tune-up of large boilers located in CHPs over 2012-2015.

OPI

Director, Environment

NOx Emission Testing, Ste-Anne-des-Plaines Institution, Quebec Region
NOx Emission Testing,
Ste-Anne-des-Plaines
Institution, Quebec Region
Performance Measure
  • The number of annual tune-ups of large Central Heating Plant boilers, including measurement of NOx emissions, compared to the total number of targeted boilers.
Rationale

CSC operates 20 CHPs. Given that CSC does not readily have the specialized staff to conduct boiler optimizations and NOx emission measurements at these locations, they will be supervised by Natural Resource Canada representatives (under a Memorandum of Understanding). The expected results of this commitment are targeted toward increasing boiler efficiency as well as the monitoring and reducing of NOx emission levels produced by CSC's central heating plants that contribute to acid precipitation and smog episodes.

Commitment 3.3

Reduce the risks of halocarbon releases from large refrigeration and/or air-conditioning systems, which contribute to stratospheric ozone layer depletion.

Target 3.3

By March 31, 2015, replace three large cooling systems that represent a high risk of halocarbon leaks.

Roof-top Air Conditioning Unit, Joyceville Institution, Ontario Region
Roof-top Air Conditioning Unit,
Joyceville Institution,
Ontario Region
OPI

Regional Administrators, Technical Services

Performance Measure
  • The number of large cooling systems that have been replaced within the timeframe.
Rationale

The requirement under Federal Halocarbon Regulations (2003) mainly focuses on administrative processes. This target places emphasis on reducing risks relating to halocarbon releases, and encourages replacement of large halocarbon systems before they reach the end of their life cycle.

GOAL 3

Contribute to the reduction of gaseous emissions that are responsible for global warming / climate change.

Objective 4

[This objective includes four commitments and four target.]

Reduce corporate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, in particular carbon dioxide.

Commitment 4.1

Reduce CSC's energy consumption (intensity-basis) to decrease related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.

Target 4.1

By March 31, 2015, reduce the energy consumption per square meter per year (intensity basis) of all institutions, adjusted for equal heating degree-days annually, by 3% relative to 2009-2010.

OPI

Director General, Technical Services and Facilities

Performance Measure
  • The reported energy consumption MJ/m2/year from utility records by institutions
    (Reference: CSC's annual energy use & greenhouse gas emissions report).

Solar Panels, Nova Institution for Women, Atlantic Region
Solar Panels, Nova Institution for Women, Atlantic Region

Special Reporting Requirements for CORCAN Operations

Given the environmental impacts on natural resources of a business driven Special Operating Agency such as CORCAN, efforts shall be made to report results on energy consumption separately from the institutional usage where significant operations or services are conducted (such as commercial laundry and/or product manufacturing/painting).

Rationale

With the promulgation of Bill C-25 "Truth in Sentencing Act", CSC is forecasting a significant increase in the inmate population over the next decade, which in turn will call for an expansion of federal correctional facilities (particularly institutions) across the country in the coming years. Hence, CSC's full adoption of the Federal SDS GGO target on GHG emission reduction is not economically feasible without a significant infusion of capital funding. Given these challenges, CSC can only consider a more conservative and an intensity-based energy consumption target.

Other considerations

The majority of CSC's energy consumption is attributable to building heating, cooling and lighting. However, we will also consider additional initiatives to reduce GHG emissions from its vehicle fleet. CSC will continue to explore the use of alternative fuels, where cost-effective, for its vehicle fleet and on-site fuelling stations.

Commitment 4.2

Reduce indirect carbon dioxide emissions attributable to CSC's consumption of electricity.

Target 4.2

By March 31, 2015, implement three new renewable energy demonstration projects (geothermal, solar, wind) to reduce GHG emissions and promote environmental leadership.

OPI

Director, Environment

Performance Measure
  • The number of renewable energy demonstration projects implemented by the set timeline.
Rationale

CSC recognizes that numerous energy conservation measures still need to be implemented and maintained to significantly reduce its GHG emissions. However, we also recognize our role as a federal leader to move forward renewable energy applications. As a federal custodian of large parcels of land and numerous facilities, we have the opportunity to implement clean & sustainable energy initiatives.

Commitment 4.3

Improve energy performance of targeted institutions.

Target 4.3

By March 31, 2014, energy audits will be performed on the five institutions which use the most energy in terms of MJ/m2/year (based on CSC's energy use report for 2010-2011).

OPI

Director, Environment

Performance Measure
  • The number of institutional energy audits completed by the set timeline.
Rationale

Given the size of a typical correctional institution, it is good practice to initiate an energy audit prior to developing an energy conservation work plan.

Small Wind Turbines, Grande Cache Institution, Prairie Region
Small Wind Turbines, Grande Cache Institution, Prairie Region

Commitment 4.4

Support energy conservation measures at institutions.

Target 4.4

By March 31, 2014, all institutions will assess their energy consumption, set their specific energy reduction target and implement their customized energy conservation plan.

OPI

Wardens

Performance Measure
  • The number of implemented institutional energy conservation plans relative to the total number of institutions within the timeframe.
Special Requirements for CORCAN Operations

Given the environmental impacts on natural resources, efforts shall be made to assess energy consumption, set a target and develop a plan for energy conservation separate from the institution, where significant operations or services are conducted (for example commercial laundry or furniture manufacturing for external contracts).

Rationale

This commitment emphasizes ownership on energy conservation practices, while encouraging a realistic and customized approach to target setting and promoting result-based actions at the institutional level.

Central Heating Plant, Collins Bay Institution, Ontario Region
Central Heating Plant, Collins Bay Institution, Ontario Region

GOAL 4

Contribute to the protection of the hydrosphere.

Objective 5

[This objective includes one commitment and one target.]

Reduce pollution to aquatic ecosystems.

Commitment 5.1

Improve CSC's largest (highest flow rate) wastewater treatment system.

Target 5.1

By March 31, 2014, CSC will have an improvement strategy in place for the wastewater treatment system at Ste-Anne-des-Plaines complex (Quebec Region).

OPI

Director, Capital Projects Implementation

Performance Measure
  • The completion of a study on potential upgrade scenarios and adoption of an improvement strategy for the wastewater treatment system at Ste-Anne-des-Plaines complex within the timeline.
Rationale

The wastewater treatment system at Ste-Anne-des-Plaines complex has the highest daily flow rate that CSC operates. The wastewater treatment plant was built in the late 1960's, and is reaching the end of its life cycle. Furthermore, mostly due to the population increases at the Ste-Anne-des-Plaines complex, the capacity of the plant treatment is frequently challenged. Hence, the Ste-Anne-des-Plaines wastewater treatment plant was targeted to ensure quality of discharges and long-term effluent capacity handling.

Wastewater Treatment Plant, Ste-Anne-des-Plaines Complex, Quebec Region
Wastewater Treatment Plant, Ste-Anne-des-Plaines Complex,
Quebec Region

Objective 6

[This objective includes one commitment and one target.]

Reduce corporate water consumption.

Commitment 6.1

Implement best management practices to improve water conservation at institutions.

Target 6.1

By March 31, 2014, all institutions will prepare and implement an institutional water conservation plan including a customized water reduction target.

OPI

Wardens

Performance Measure
  • The number of implemented water conservation plans relative to the total number of institutions within the timeframe.
Special Requirements for CORCAN Operations

Given the environmental impacts on natural resources, efforts shall be made to assess water consumption, set a target and develop a plan for water conservation separate from the institution, where significant operations or services are conducted (i.e. commercial laundry).

Rationale

Implementation and maintenance of water reduction measures has been an ongoing challenge for most institutions. Although significant progress has been achieved since the first SDS, we believe that continual attention and investment in water conservation will further improve overall corporate performance. Hence, this commitment places the emphasis on local, institutional ownership regarding water conservation practices while encouraging a realistic and customized approach to target setting and promoting result-based actions.

Wastewater Treatment Lagoons, Cowansville Institution, Quebec Region
Wastewater Treatment Lagoons, Cowansville Institution,
Quebec Region

GOAL 5

Contribute to the protection of the lithosphere.

Objective 7

[This objective includes two commitments and two targets.]

Reduce environmental liabilities and improve soil quality on CSC properties.

Commitment 7.1

Continuation of Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) of potentially contaminated areas based on ecotoxicological risks.

Target 7.1

By March 31, 2015, CSC will conduct a minimum of 12 Environmental Site Assessments of potentially contaminated sites.

OPI

Director, Environment

Performance Measure
  • The number of environmental site assessments of potentially contaminated sites completed by the set timeline.
Rationale

Over the last decade, CSC has assessed approximately half of its "areas of concern" in terms of potentially contaminated sites. In order to further reduce the associated liabilities, CSC will conduct additional Environmental Site Assessments throughout this current SDS cycle.

Contamination from past farming activities, Mountain Institution, Pacific Region
Contamination from past farming activities,
Mountain Institution, Pacific Region

Commitment 7.2

Remediation of contaminated sites based on environmental risk assessments.

Target 7.2

By March 31, 2015, CSC will remediate a minimum of three priority contaminated sites.

OPI

Director, Environment

Performance Measure
  • The number of remediation projects of priority contaminated sites completed by the set timeline.
Rationale

Following the results of environmental site assessments that were conducted since 1998, CSC has initiated and completed several remediation projects of priority contaminated sites (i.e. high risk based on the National Classification System score from the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment). Since contaminated site assessment activities continue throughout the SDS cycle, and as results of these studies become available, we potentially will be confronted with newly identified contaminated sites. Therefore, CSC's long-term goals are to reduce human & ecological risks and eliminate all contaminated site liabilities.

Remediation of Firing Range Berm, Bowden Institution, Prairie Region
Remediation of Firing Range Berm, Bowden Institution, Prairie Region