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Women Offender Programs and Issues

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Understanding Violence By Women: A Review of the Literature

Appendix  : The Literature Review

As requested by CSC, the search covered the disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, sociology, criminology, social work and education and focused on the most recently published literature. An initial search was conducted for the time period 1980-1994 to examine the range of material available, and subsequently limited to the period 1984-94. Searches were made using a variety of key words for any aspect of violent behaviour by women as well as programme, measurement and classification issues relating to women and violent behaviour.

The CD ROM data-bases searched included the Social Science Index (SSI-including psychiatry, social work, criminology et al.,); Sociofile (sociology, criminology et al.,); Psychlit (psychology and related fields); Eric (education); Uncover (general); Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA)(Canadian Newpapers 1993-4).

Additional library searches were conducted at University of Montreal, University of Quebec at Montreal, McGill University, Concordia University, Dept. of Forensic Psychiatry-McGill University, the library of the Ministry of the Solicitor General, Ottawa.

Criminal justice and correctional sources in the US included the NCJRS (international) data-base, the Information Centre of the National Institute of Justice, Fay Knopp and the Safer Society Program, Russ Immarigeon Criminal Justice Writer, Sharon Smolick, Bedford Hills Correctional Facility, New York.