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Women Offender Programs and Issues

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Report on announced inspection in Canada by HM Chief Inspector of Prisons for England and Wales:
Grand Valley Institution for Women

Appendix I: Inspection team
 
 
Anne Owers
Michael Loughlin
Fay Deadman
Paul Fenning
Louise Falshaw
Gabrielle Lee
Elizabeth Tysoe
Julia Fossi
HM Chief Inspector of Prisons
Team Leader
Inspector
Inspector
Inspector
Inspector
Inspector
Researcher

Appendix II: Prison population profile
 
Incarcerated % Community % Total
412
46.9%
467
53.1%
879
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

Incarcerated includes: Women offenders, in federal institutions, and those on temporary absence.

Population Profile Incarcerated % of the total women offender population
Nova
57
14.1%
Joliette
73
18.1%
GVI
98
24.3%
OOHL
23
5.7%
RPC (Prai)
10
2.5%
EIFW
97
24.0%
FVI
46
11.4%
National total
404
100%
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

There are also 8 women offenders located in other correctional facilities who are not included in this profile: 6 at Isabel McNeil House, one woman at the Territorial Women Correctional Centre and one woman at the Surrey Pre-Trial Service Centre.

Legend:
  •  Nova: Nova Institution for Women (Atlantic Region)
  •  Joliette: Joliette Institution (Quebec Region)
  •  GVIW: Grand Valley Institution for Women (Ontario Region)
  •  OOHL: Okimaw Ohci Healing Lodge (Prairie Region)
  •  RPC ( Prai.): Regional Psychiatric Centre (Prairie Region) *
  •  EIFW:   Edmonton Institution for Women (Prairie Region)
  •  FVI: Fraser Valley Institution for Women (Pacific Region)
* RPC is an 11 bed mental health unit located in a male mental health facility.

WOMEN OFFENDER PROFILE FOR NOVA AND GVIW
 
Population Profile Incarcerated % of the total women offender population
Nova
57
14.1%
GVI
98
24.3%
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

ETHNIC ORIGIN
 
Ethnic Origin Aboriginal % Black % Asiatic % Caucasian % Other % Total
Nova
10
17.5%
6
10.5%
0
0.0%
38
66.7%
3
5.3%
57
Joliette
2
2.7%
5
6.8%
0
0.0%
66
90.4%
0
0.0%
73
GVI
11
11.2%
22
22.4%
3
3.1%
62
63.3%
0
0.0%
98
OOHL
22
95.7%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
4.3%
0
0.0%
23
RPC (Prai)
7
70.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
10.0%
2
20.0%
10
EIFW
53
54.6%
0
0.0%
3
3.1%
36
37.1%
5
5.2%
97
FVI
16
34.8%
0
0.0%
2
4.3%
28
60.9%
0
0.0%
46
National total
121
30.0%
33
8.2%
8
2.0%
232
57.4%
10
2.5%
404
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

ETHNIC ORIGIN (Nova and GVIW)
 
Ethnic Origin Aboriginal % Black % Asiatic % Caucasian % Other % Total
Nova
10
17.5%
6
10.5%
0
0.0%
38
66.7%
3
5.3%
57
GVI
11
11.2%
22
22.4%
3
3.1%
62
63.3%
0
0.0%
98
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

SECURITY LEVEL
 
Ethnic Origin Maximum % Medium % Midium % Not available % Total % Total
Nova
10
17.5%
17
29.8%
17
29.8%
13
22.8%
57
14.1%
Joliette
10
13.7%
33
45.2%
30
41.1%
0
0.0%
73
18.1%
GVI
8
8.2%
15
15.3%
63
64.3%
12
12.2%
98
24.3%
OOHL
0
0.0%
13
56.5%
6
26.1%
4
17.4%
23
5.7%
RPC (Prai)
1
10.0%
7
70%
0
0.0%
2
20.0%
10
2.5%
EIFW
10
10.3%
49
50.5%
27
27.8%
11
11.3%
97
24.0%
FVI
0
0.0%
27
58.7%
14
30.4%
5
10.9%
46
11.4%
National total
39
9.7%
161
39.9%
157
38.9%
47
11.6%
404
100.0%
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

Not available: Correctional planning process, including the intake assessment to be completed within 70 or 90 days calendar days of an offender's admission into federal custody following sentencing (depending upon the length of sentence), therefore the security classification is determine within 90 days of their admissions.



SECURITY LEVEL (NOVA AND GVIW)
 
Institutions Maximum % Medium % Midium % Not available % Total % Total
Nova
10
17.5%
17
29.8%
17
29.8%
13
22.8%
57
14.1%
GVI
8
8.2%
15
15.3%
63
64.3%
12
12.2%
98
24.3%
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

AGE PROFILE
 
Institutions <=20 % 21-30 % 31-40 % 41-50 % 51+ % Total
Nova
5
9%
27
47%
14
25%
9 16%
2
4%
57
Joliette
2
3%
13
18%
26
36%
22 30%
10
14%
73
GVI
0
0%
22
22%
39
40%
27 28%
10
10%
98
OOHL
1
4%
9
39%
12
52%
1 4%
0
0%
23
RPC (Prai)
1
10%
6
60%
1
10%
2 20%
0
0%
10
EIFW
5
5%
36
37%
36
37%
18 19%
2
2%
97
FVI
2
4%
16
35%
15
33%
11 24%
2
4%
46
National total
16
4%
129
32%
143
25%
90 22%
26
6%
404
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

AGE PROFILE (NOVA AND GVIW)
 
Institutions <=20 % 21-30 % 31-40 % 41-50 % 51+ % Total
Nova
5
9%
27
47%
14
25%
9 16%
2
4%
57
GVI
0
0%
22
22%
39
40%
27 28%
10
10%
98
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

OFFENCES PROFILE
 
  Violent Offences Non-Violent Offences  
Institutions Murder 1 % Murder 2 % Sched I % Sched II % Non Scheduled % Total
Nova
0
0%
7
12%
28
49%
4 7%
18
32%
57
Joliette
9
12%
7
10%
37
51%
13 18%
7
10%
73
GVI
1
1%
12
12%
43
44%
33 34%
9
9%
98
OOHL
0
0%
0
0%
16
70%
4 17%
3
13%
23
RPC (Prai)
0
0%
4
40%
5
50%
0 0%
1
10%
10
EIFW
5
5%
9
9%
51
53%
17 18%
15
15%
97
FVI
1
2%
8
17%
29
63%
3 7%
5
11%
46
National total
16
4%
47
12%
209
52%
74 18%
58
14%
404
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

OFFENCES PROFILE (NOVA AND GVIW)
 
  Violent Offences Non-Violent Offences  
Institutions Murder 1 % Murder 2 % Sched I % Sched II % Non Scheduled % Total
Nova
0
0%
7
12%
28
49%
4 7%
18
32%
57
GVI
1
1%
12
12%
43
44%
33 34%
9
9%
98
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

LENGTH OF SENTENCE
 
Institutions Life % Uder 4 % 4 to 5 % 6 to 10 % 11 and more % Total
Nova
7
12%
40
70%
7
12%
2 4%
1
2%
57
Joliette
17
23%
34
47%
13
18%
9 12%
0
0%
73
GVI
13
13%
50
51%
18
18%
15 15%
2
2%
98
OOHL
0
0%
14
61%
5
22%
4 17%
0
0%
23
RPC (Prai)
4
40%
3
30%
2
20%
0 0%
1
10%
10
EIFW
14
14%
57
59%
12
12%
11 11%
3
3%
97
FVI
9
20%
21
46%
7
15%
6 13%
3
7%
46
National total
64
16%
219
54%
64
16%
47 12%
10
2%
404
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

LENGTH OF SENTENCE (NOVA AND GVIW)
 
Institutions Life % Uder 4 % 4 to 5 % 6 to 10 % 11 and more % Total
Nova
7
12%
40
70%
7
12%
2 4%
1
2%
57
GVI
13
13%
50
51%
18
18%
15 15%
2
2%
98
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005

Nova Institution for Women has 82% of its population serving a sentence for less than 6 years.

Grand Valley Institution for Women has 69%.

WOMEN OFFENDER ADMISSIONS
 
Institutions Fiscal year Warrants of Committal % Revocations % Other Admissions % Total
Nova 02/03 21 52.5% 19 47.5% 0 0% 40
03/04 30 57.7% 21 40.4% 1 2% 52
04/05 15 50.0% 15 50.0% 0 0% 30
05/06 to date 19 70.4% 8 29.6% 0 0% 27
Nova Total
  85 57.0% 63 42.3% 1 1% 149
Joliette 02/03 27 60.0% 13 28.9% 5 11% 45
03/04 36 75.0% 9 18.8% 3 6% 48
04/05 36 59.0% 20 32.8% 5 8% 61
05/06 to date 14 50.0% 13 46.4% 1 4% 28
Joliette Total   113 62.1% 55 30.2% 14 8% 182
GVI 02/03 70 69.3% 29 28.7% 2 2% 101
03/04 74 77.1% 16 16.7% 6 6% 96
04/05 75 64.7% 34 29.3% 7 6% 116
05/06 to date 24 54.5% 17 38.6% 3 7% 44
GVI Total   243 68.1% 96 26.9% 18 5% 357
OOHL 02/03 0 0.0% 7 100.0% 0 0% 7
03/04 0 0.0% 5 83.3% 1 17% 6
04/05 0 0.0% 6 100.0% 0 0% 6
05/06 to date 0 0.0% 3 75.0% 1 25% 4
OOHL Total   0 0.0% 21 91.3% 2 9% 23
RPC (Prai.) 02/03 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 1 100% 1
03/04 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 1 100% 1
04/05 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 1 100% 1
05/06 to date 0 0.0% 1 100.0% 0 0% 1
RPC (Prai.) Total   0 0.0% 1 25.0% 3 75% 4
EIFW 02/03 53 55.8% 42 44.2% 0 0% 95
03/04 70 53.8% 59 45.4% 1 1% 130
04/05 81 58.3% 58 41.7% 0 0% 139
05/06 to date 32 69.6% 14 30.4% 0 0% 46
EIFW Total   236 57.6% 173 42.2% 1 0% 410
FVI 02/03 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
03/04 n/a n/a 1 100% n/a n/a n/a
04/05 23 69.7% 9 27.3% 1 3% 33
05/06 to date 9 75.0% 3 25.0% 0 n/a 12
FVI Total   32 69.6% 13 28.3% 1 2% 46
National Total 709 60.5% 422 36.0% 40 3% 1171
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005 (Data from April 1, 2002 to August 21, 2005)

WOMEN OFFENDER ADMISSIONS NOVA AND GVIW
 
Institutions Fiscal year Warrants of Committal % Revocations % Other Admissions % Total
Nova 02/03 21 52.5% 19 47.5% 0 0% 40
03/04 30 57.7% 21 40.4% 1 2% 52
04/05 15 50.0% 15 50.0% 0 0% 30
05/06 to date 19 70.4% 8 29.6% 0 0% 27
Nova Total
  85 57.0% 63 42.3% 1 1% 149
GVI 02/03 70 69.3% 29 28.7% 2 2% 101
03/04 74 77.1% 16 16.7% 6 6% 96
04/05 75 64.7% 34 29.3% 7 6% 116
05/06 to date 24 54.5% 17 38.6% 3 7% 44
GVI Total   243 68.1% 96 26.9% 18 5% 357
Source: OMS, as of August 21, 2005 (Data from April 1, 2002 to August 21, 2005)

Appendix III: Summary of inmate interviews and questionnaires
 
  Inmate survey methodology
 
  A voluntary, confidential and anonymous survey of the total inmate population was carried out for this inspection. The results of this survey formed part of the evidence-base for the inspection.

  Choosing the sample size
 
  At the time of the survey on the 17 th August 2005, the inmate population at GVIW was 103. The baseline sample size was 103. Overall, this represented 100% of the inmate population.

Completion of the questionnaire was voluntary. Refusals were noted and no attempts were made to replace them. Two respondents refused to complete a questionnaire.

Interviews were carried out with any respondents with literacy difficulties. In total, no respondents were interviewed

  Methodology
 
  Every attempt was made to distribute the questionnaires to each respondent on an individual basis. This gave researchers an opportunity to explain the independence of the Inspectorate and the purpose of the questionnaire, as well as to answer questions.

All completed questionnaires were confidential - only members of the Inspectorate saw them. In order to ensure confidentiality, respondents were asked to do one of the following:

•  to have their questionnaire ready to hand back to a member of the research team at a specified time;
•  to seal the questionnaire in the envelope provided and hand it to a member of staff, if they were agreeable; or
•  to seal the questionnaire in the envelope provided and leave it in their room for collection.

Respondents were not asked to put their names on their questionnaire.

  Response rates
 
  In total, 93 respondents completed and returned their questionnaires. This represented 90% of the prison population. The response rate was therefore also 90%. In total, two respondents refused to complete a questionnaire, three were returned blank and five questionnaires were not returned.

  Comparisons
 
  The following document details the results from the survey. All missing responses are excluded from the analysis. All data from each establishment has been weighted, in order to mimic a consistent percentage sampled in each establishment.

The results from this survey are compared to the results of the Nova survey as well as the benchmark figures for all prisoners surveyed in women's prisons in the UK. This benchmark is based on all responses from prisoner surveys carried out in 12 women's prisons since April 2003.

In all the above documents, statistically significant differences are highlighted. Statistical significance merely indicates whether there is a real difference between the figures, i.e. the difference is not due to chance alone. Results that are significantly better are indicated by green shading, results that are significantly worse are indicated by a black background and where there is no significant difference, there is no shading.