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The Incidence of Family Violence Perpetrated by Federal Offenders: A File Review Study

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Appendix B

Definitions of Family Violence

Family Violence Behaviours

Physical Abuse: can involve hitting, punching, kicking, slapping, tearing out hair, burning biting, cutting, choking, pushing, shoving. It may involve using weapons like knives clubs, guns, glass, furniture.

Psychological or Emotional Abuse: happens when one person tries to control someone else's thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. It may involve threats to kidnap children, to commit suicide or to kill; destroying or threatening to destroy your favourite possessions; making you do things you don't want to do; calling you names; habitual humiliation; forced isolation; intimidation; financial exploitation, etc.

Sexual Assault/Abuse: is any unwanted or forcible sexual act or sexual touching. This includes being forced to have sex against your will. It includes all forms of sexual assaults or abuse except where the victim is a child (See child sexual abuse below)

Child Abuse: the mistreatment or neglect of a child by a parent, guardian or care giver which results in injury or significant emotional or psychological harm to a child. Child abuse is expressed in several different forms: physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, sexual abuse.

Child Sexual Abuse: is any sexual act or activity committed on a child or adolescent, by an adult or teenager who is in a position of trust or (relative) power. Child sexual abuse may include acts such as forcing a child to witness sexual activities, participate in sexual activities or exploiting a child through prostitution or pornography.

Neglect/Deprivation: happens when the basic necessities of life such as adequate food, shelter, hygiene and health care are withheld or not provided.