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The Incidence of Family Violence Perpetrated by Federal Offenders: A File Review Study

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Appendix C

Detailed Tables of Correlates of Family Perpetration

Table C1
Childhood Victimization Correlates of Family Violence

Correlates     Any Family violence % (n-935)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence against Female Parther % (n=703)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence Against Children % (n=553)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient
Witnessed Any Abuse
  • Yes
  • No
  45.2 *** 28.4   1004/230 200/705   0.16   37.8 *** 24.3   71/188 125/515   0.13   16.2
11.4
  241/148 66/405   0.07
Experienced Abuse
  • Yes
  • No
  42.4 *** 23.9   185/436 119/499   0.20   38.7 *** 22.6   113/355 83/368   0.12   20.0 *** 6.4   51/255 19/198   0.20
Both Witnessed and Experienced Physical/ Sexual Abuse
  • Yes
  • No
  47.1 *** 29.2   87/174 222/761   0.15   37.9 ** 25.3   55/145 141/555   0.11   20.2 ** 10.7   23/114 47/439   0.12
Physical and/ or Sexual Abuse
  • Yes
  • No
  42.5 *** 25.8   160/376 144/559   0.18   33.8 ** 23.7   99/293 93/410   0.11   23.2 *** 6.1   50/225 20/328   0.24

Table C2
Demographic Correlates of Family Violence

                                        Any Family violence % (n-935)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence against Female Parther % (n=703)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence Against Children % (n=553)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient
Age
  • Under 30
  • 30 and over
  23.2
41.7
  108/465
196/470
  0.20   23.9
30.7
  69/289
127/414
  0.08   2.8
18.9 ***
  6/215
64/338
  0.24
High School Diploma
  • Yes
  • No
  26.6 *
34.9
  71/267
253/668
  0.08   20.7 ***
30.8
  42/203
154/508
  0.10   9.6
13.9
  15/157
55/396
  0.06
Employment Instability
  • Yes
  • No
  30.4 *
35.5
  170/559
134/376
  0.06   26.7
29.4
  106/397
96/306
  0.05   11.5
14.1
  35/304
35/249
  0.04
Number of Marriages
  • under 3
  • 3 and over
  29.3 ***
48.7
  228/779
76/156
  0.16   25.8 *
35.3
  141/547
551/156
  0.07   11.1 *
18.0
  47/425
23/128
  0.09

Table C3
Substance Abuse and Mental Disorder Correlates of Family Violence

Disorder     Any Family violence % (n-935)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence against Female Parther % (n=703)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence Against Children % (n=553)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient
Alcohol Problems
  • Yes
  • No
  37.7 ***
23.2
  227/603
77/332
  0.35   34.0 ***
16.6
  155/456
41/247
  0.19   12.2 ***
13.8
  44/360
26/193
  0.02
Drug Abuse
  • Yes
  • No
  16.3 ***
35.3
  22/135
282/800
  0.14   15.4 **
30.1
  16/104
180/599
  0.12   5.3
13.6
  4/69
66/484
  0.08
Diagnosis of Mental Illness
  • Yes
  • No
  41.2 ***
28.2
  127/306
177/627
  0.13   36.2 ***
24.1
  79/218
117/485
  0.13   19.7 ***
9.2
  36/183
34/370
  0.15
Psychosis
  • Yes
  • No
  46.8 *
31.6
  22/47
287/888
  0.07   30.3
27.8
  10/33
186/670
  0.01   20.8
13.3
  5/24
65/529
  0.05
Mood- Anxiety
  • Yes
  • No
  45.2 ***
30.3
  63/139
241/796
  0.11   36.8 ***
26.5
  35/95
161/608
  0.06   22.1 **
11.1
  17/77
53/476
  0.01
Personality Disorder
  • Yes
  • No
  41.4
29.1
  108/261
196/674
  0.12   38.1 ***
24.3
  69/181
127/822
  0.12   19.1 **
10.2
  29/152
41/481
  0.12

Table C4
Criminal History Correlates of Family Violence

Disorder     Any Family violence % (n-935)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence against Female Parther % (n=703)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient     Violence Against Children % (n=553)     Frequency     Phi Co- efficient
Number of Past Convictions (15 or more)

  • Yes
  • No
  31.5
33.4
  143/447
162/454
 
0.02
  24.3 *
24.6
  108/345
83/308
 
0.08
  6.1 ***
18.6
  16/265  
0.19
Mandatory Supervision or Parole renewed/ suspended

  • Yes
  • No
  39.3 *
34.6
  107/395
197/570
 
0.06
  27.3
29.2
  762/78
538/425
 
0.01
  4.3 ***
17.7
  9/290
61/344
 
0.20
Prior Admission

  • Yes
  • No
  31.5
33.3
  119/378
185/556
 
0.02
  27.4
28.2
  76/277
120/426
 
0.01
  13.0
12.5
  28/216
42/337
 
0.01
Aggregate Sentence

  • 3 years and over
  • Under 3 years
  32.7

32.4

  179/548

125/386

 
0.00
  28.3

27.3

  139/421

73/282

 
0.01
  12.3

13.4

  40/329

30/224

 
0.05
Assault against non-family members

  • Yes
  • No
  31.0
35.5
  194/616
110/309
 
0.05
  19.5
24.8
  13.6/461
60/242
 
0.10
  6.7 ***
23.8
  24/360
46/193
 
0.02
Offender Type

  • Property
  • Drugs
  • Assault
  • Sexist
  • Other
  33.8
31.5
31.3
32.6
36.1
  71/210
35/111
120/283
47/144
31/85
 
0.03
  27.9
27.7
17.3
25.7
29.2
  46/165
23/83
80/181
18/108
19/145
 
0.02
  14.5
12.5
17.3
9.3
14.8
  19/131
9/72
26/212
8/84
8/84
 
0.05