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INFECTIOUS DISEASE SURVEILLANCE
in Canadian Federal Penitentiaries 2005-2006

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Foreword – Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control

Collaboration is essential in order to effectively prevent and control the spread of infectious diseases in Canada. The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) is proud to partner with Correctional Service Canada (CSC) on matters related to public health in federal corrections. It is important to recognize the significant role played by public health in correctional settings to help keep all Canadians healthy and safe.

The data presented in this report are important for understanding infectious disease trends among inmates in Canada. On a positive note, new admissions to CSC have a strong likelihood of having already been previously tested for bloodborne and sexually transmitted infections in the community or provincial corrections. However, the high reported rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, especially among female inmates, shows that more needs to be done to prevent these infections among high-risk groups. The continued high participation of inmates in tuberculosis screening contributes to the effort to reduce the incidence of this disease in Canada, in alignment with the Global Stop TB Plan.

Surveillance reports are a foundation for communicating and disseminating the results of data collection and analyses to stakeholders. They provide a reference level for other work, including epidemiological surveys and research in answering questions about “who”, “when”, and “where” people are acquiring and transmitting infections. Thus these data are essential to inform and guide CSC program revision and development to reduce disease transmission and provide improved care within Canadian federal penitentiaries

Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control
Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Branch
Public Health Agency of Canada

 

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