Recommendation: That the term "dynamic
security" be defined and understood as "those actions that contribute to the
development of professional, positive relationships between staff members and
Facility Design and Classification
Recommendation: That all institutions
incorporate to the greatest extent possible the principles of more normalized environments
including the provision of small group settings, increased offender responsibilities for
daily living tasks and behaviour and greater interaction between staff and offenders.
Recommendation: That multi-level institutions
be used to accommodate offenders and that this become the primary institutional model for
Recommendation: That all multi-level
facilities be operated and designed to reflect normalized community living standards,
accommodating offenders in small group settings that respect the parameters outlined in
this report concerning institutional, unit, and group size limits, security level
distribution of units, the extent of unit based activities and facilities and the degree
of movement control within and outside the unit.
Recommendation: That minimum security
facilities continue to exist as open custody facilities but that their capacity be limited
to 200 offenders all of whom are deemed to be minimum security and of minimal escape risk.
Also that minimum security and CCC's be amalgamated into one stream of non-containment
facilities to be known as Community Correctional Facilities.
Recommendation: That two integrated control
facilities be identified, one in eastern and one in western Canada, to accommodate the
limited number of offenders who cannot be successfully accommodated at either multi-level
or minimum security institutions.
Recommendation: That institutions that cannot
be successfully altered to meet the criteria contained in this report be integrated into a
plan for closure or replacement.
Recommendation: That CSC assess all of its
institutions against the criteria and principles identified in this report with a view to
developing a comprehensive long term plan for retrofit and / or closure and that this be
formulated as the basis for the next NCAOP submission.
9. Recommendation: That each institution submit
plans that will bring them into line with the model suggested in this report and that
these form the basis for revisions to the CSC accommodation and technical standards.
Recommendation: That the Australian design
for front gates and Sally Ports be benchmarked for all planned retrofits of existing
facilities in Canada and for all future designs.
Recommendation: That CSC actively solicit
design innovations from the private sector for either a less obtrusive form of razor wire
or another device entirely that will delay potential escapes.
Recommendation: That CSC develop and
formally approve an architectural design catalogue that expresses standards consistent
with the philosophy of the organization.
Recommendation: That all Parole Offices and
CCC's be subject to a security design review with two objectives:
to establish design standards for these facilities and
to identify shortcomings in security that need to be addressed as an interim measure while awaiting the approval of design standards.
Recommendation: That the Service evaluate
the safety concerns of Parole Officers in the community and develop a plan to address
Recommendation: That CSC undertake a
comprehensive review of its policy with regard to firearms with a view to developing a
long term plan to significantly reduce the requirement for firearms in its operations.
Recommendation: That CSC commit to the use
of patrol dogs and innovative technologies before removing firearms from inside its
Recommendation: That CSC fully support and
participate in the federal government's Integrated Justice Information System.
Recommendation: That CSC re-define the role
of security information in such a manner that all environmental factors are analyzed and
related strategically to the correctional process.
Recommendation: That CSC develop a framework
and standards for the gathering and analysis of security information.
Recommendation: That CSC re-evaluate the
prerequisites for selection and training of staff members to perform the function of
gathering security information.
Recommendation: That CSC initiate an
approval process for inclusion of security information on offender files and that the
level for such approval not be below the Unit Manager level.
Recommendation: That CSC undertake a full
review of all Preventive Security files on an institutional basis with a view to verifying
or removing information contained therein.
Recommendation: That the Security Branch in
NHQ develop the capacity and be given the resources to thoroughly analyze all security
information and disseminate it appropriately.
Organized Crime and Aboriginal Youth Gangs
Recommendation: That CSC actively pursue,
with her partners in the CJS, the development of gang data bases and the sharing of
Recommendation: That CSC Research Branch
actively study the problem of gang membership and assist in the development of treatment
programs for the members of such gangs.
Recommendation: That CSC support the
development of innovative Aboriginal programs in consultation with Elders and other
Aboriginal sources, to intervene effectively in the problem of Aboriginal youth gang
Recommendation: That standards be
established for the content of Search Plans and that designated staff be trained in
writing Search Plans.
Recommendation: That each institution
develop the expertise to search effectively and that the importance of searching be
communicated to all staff.
Recommendation: That searching at the front
gate be systematized and that procedures for searching include all staff and visitors
(both official and inmate visitors).
Recommendation: That all institutions
acquire ION technology for use at the Principle Entrance. Where possible, portable
equipment should be acquired.
Recommendation: That CSC ensure that every
institution is appropriately resourced to either acquire its own trained drug dogs or is
able to secure the services of a drug dog as quickly as operational demands necessitate.
Recommendation: That pilot programs in
support of drug intensive treatment units or institutions be developed in CSC.
Recommendation: That CSC standardize and fully communicate the implementation of approved security technologies.
Recommendation: That CSC immediately review for implementation nationally the use of Smart Cards, biometric devices, Intelliscan and GPS tracking systems.
Statutory Release/ Residency
Recommendation: That each region ensure that
pre-release programs are made available in all institutions from which statutory release
cases are discharged to the community.
Recommendation: That inmates being prepared
for release with a residency requirement enter a pre-release program at least 6 months
prior to discharge and further that such inmates be cascaded to lower levels of security
within the facility most suited to their plans for release.
Security Standards and Audits
Recommendation: That security standards
related to prohibited items, vehicle entry, key control, and searching be reviewed,
updated, condensed and implemented on a national basis.
Recommendation: That a system of annual
security audits and quarterly security reviews be established to assess an institution's
readiness to respond to security issues.
Institutional Threat Risk Profile
Recommendation: That CSC develop a research
based instrument whereby the stability and social climate of institutions can be regularly
Recommendation: That only fully trained
staff who have been certified annually be authorized to do cell extractions.
A Culture of Respect
Recommendation: That the Service endorse the
principles of Restorative Justice as consistent with the Mission and as the foundation for
change to a "culture of respect".
Recommendation: That a conflict-positive
culture be created by developing conflict prevention and resolution processes based on
restorative principles for all disputes:
disputes between staff
disputes between offenders
disputes between staff and offenders
disputes involving other participants in our enterprise
Recommendation: That CSC explore what more
it can do to help victims and communities in their struggle for healing and their need for
Role of the Correctional Officer
Recommendation: That the role of the
Correctional Officer be re-defined to reflect his/her primary role as a professional in
security procedures, problem solving, interpersonal relationships, including conflict
resolution, and case management.
Recommendation: That a system of accrediting
experienced staff members to serve as coaches and mentors for newly appointed or promoted
staff be established.
Recommendation: That a national committee be
established with representation from U.S.G.E. to review the policy and design of the CSC
Trust, Values, Attitudes and Ethics
Recommendation: That ethics training be an
integral part of initial and developmental training for all staff to provide an
understanding of ethical issues and skills needed to address moral conflicts.
Recommendation: That each work unit have a
process, such as an "Ethics Forum", for the review of ethical issues to help
foster a climate whereby individuals will be able to make personal choices consistent with
Assistance to Staff
Recommendation: That a more comprehensive
Employee and Family Assistance Program be made available to all staff and their families
on a confidential, self-referred and no cost basis.
Recommendation: That improvements be made in
existing facilities, and incorporated into the design of new facilities, for staff fitness
and training, briefing areas, dining and work areas. This is another instance where staff
members should be involved in the planning process.
Recommendation: That Excom review the issue
of "Separate Employer Status" to see if this alternative warrants further
Recommendation: That opportunities for
academic development and training as well as developmental leave and exchanges be made
available to senior managers on a regular basis.
Recommendation: That specialized training
for Wardens, Deputy Wardens and District Directors be developed and introduced and that
mentoring programs for these positions be made mandatory subsequent to appointment for a
minimum period of six months.
Recommendation: That CSC design and
implement a comprehensive, standardized middle manager training program as a pre-requisite
to assuming the duties of this position. The training component must require a passing
CAPRA and the Use of Force Model
Recommendation: That the CAPRA and Use of
Force management models shall be:
Referenced in Policy regularly
Included in curriculum training
Utilized in all cases where force is being considered.
Leadership and the Mission
Recommendation: That each Region assign a
senior officer to act as an advisor on all matters related to the growth of positive
cultures in our institutions and community offices.
Law and Policy
Recommendation: That the security policy
framework at NHQ receive priority for Excom review and approval.
Recommendation: That a phased-in approach be
undertaken that will allow all managers and staff to be fully briefed and oriented to the
new security policy documents.
Recommendation: That a variety of
communication methods be employed in institutions and parole offices, including structured
pre-shift briefings, to share information and promote safer and more secure environments.
Leading Outside of CSC
Recommendation: That the Correctional
Service of Canada continue to participate with our partners, nationally and
internationally, in working towards safer communities and a safe society.
Recommendation: That the history of CSC in
the context of the justice system in Canada be documented and used in recruitment and
Recommendation: That CSC develop and
implement objective tools to measure staff attributes and leadership potential.
Recommendation: That CSC develop a selection
process that ensures the hiring of staff who possess all of the core competencies
necessary to work in a correctional environment.
Recommendation: That those staff who possess
the required attributes and leadership potential be invited to attend pre-qualifying
leadership training and that upon successful completion of that training, these staff are
encouraged to enter competitions for promotion.
Orientation to Security Procedures
Recommendation: That security policy
explicitly state that security is the responsibility of all staff.
Recommendation: That all staff receive
training in security practices and procedures.
Recommendation: That CO2 training focus on
security skills, problem solving, interpersonal skills, and the case management process.
Recommendation: That staff colleges
incorporate Aboriginal components to the induction program for all new staff.
Facilities for Federally Sentenced Women
Recommendation: That CSC utilize the lessons
learned from Federally Sentenced Women facilities in the development of plans for
multi-level facilities for men.
Recommendation: That CSC's national
recruitment strategies, and training and development plans routinely incorporate the
requirements of the FSW facilities.
Qualification Standards and Continuous Learning
Recommendation: That the Learning and
Development committee actively pursue continuous entry training programs and equivalency
testing in order to facilitate both the training of new recruits and the recognition of
previously obtained qualifications.
Recruitment and Selection
Recommendation: That CSC develop incentives
in support of the transfer and relocation of staff members.
Recommendation: That CSC develop proactive
and visible recruitment strategies utilizing state of the art tools with a view to
significantly increasing the number of applicants to the Service.
Recommendation: That CSC develop recruitment
strategies that meet both Employment Equity targets and the targets associated with CSC's
requirements for minority group representation based on the needs of incarcerated
Recommendation: That a longitudinal study of
retention rates for new staff and projected retirement rates for senior staff be
undertaken and that strategies be developed to retain staff in the Service for longer
periods of time.
Recommendation: that CSC develop national
core competencies for all security practices and procedures and ensure that training will
address those competencies and that security training combine classroom theory with the
provision for practicing skills in a prison like environment.
Recommendation: That CSC's Induction
training program be reviewed with a view to:
Centralizing training in one or two locations.
Incorporating classroom theory with on the job
Ensuring that a one year period of mentoring
following appointment is completed with a thorough values assessment at the end of that
Specialized Training for Female Staff Members
Recommendation: That CSC develop training
programs specifically related to the needs of female staff members who work with male
Recommendation: That CSC establish a
formalized approach to research in security programs, practices and technologies.
Recommendation: That a committee, co-chaired
by the DG Security, DG Strategic Planning and Policy and composed of senior level
officials at least one of which is a member of the Task Force on Security be struck to
manage the implementation of the recommendations in this report.