The Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA) is the law that governs the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC).  CSC is responsible for supervising offenders serving a sentence of 2 years or more.  We supervise offenders both in custody and in the community. The Act also governs the Parole Board of Canada (PBC).  The PBC has exclusive authority to grant, deny or revoke the conditional release of an offender. The PBC also has the authority to impose special conditions on offenders who are supervised in the community on statutory release or long term supervision orders.

The CCRA recognizes that victims of crime have an important role to play in the criminal justice system.  It provides victims with an opportunity to participate in the federal corrections and conditional release process.

Definition of Victim under the Corrections and Conditional Release Act

Under section 2 of the CCRA a person is considered a victim of crime if:

  • they have been harmed or suffered physical or emotional damage as a result of someone committing a criminal offence
  • they are a spouse, conjugal partner, relative of, dependent or guardian of a victim who died as a result of an offence or a victim who is not able to act for him- or herself (i.e., victim is ill or is a child), or a person responsible for a dependent of a victim of crime.

Section 26(3) of the CCRA also allows CSC to consider persons as victims if they were harmed and a complaint was laid, even if the offender was not prosecuted or convicted of the offence.

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