Integrated Risk Management Framework

CSC established an Integrated Risk Management Framework (IRMF) to guide our sites to carefully resume services, programs, and interventions for offenders, while keeping everyone safe. The IRMF was developed in collaboration with public health authorities, labour partners, and stakeholders to establish the mitigation strategies for each activity. It is reviewed and updated regularly so that CSC is ready to adapt its operations quickly, as required.

The framework identifies correctional activities and mitigation strategies to protect CSC staff and offenders, while respecting the law and delivering on CSC’s legislated mandate. It also allows for different levels of response depending on the assessed level of risk of COVID-19 transmission in a community, based on public health information.

Risk Levels

The IRMF clearly outlines how we conduct business under five possible risk levels for our institutions and Community Correctional Centres.

Under each of the five risk levels, CSC identifies correctional activities and mitigation strategies to protect staff, offenders and the public.

Congregate living settings

The following chart outlines the risk levels for CSC’s congregate living settings:

CSC National COVID-19 Risk Management Framework: Congregate living setting
CSC National COVID-19 Risk Management Framework: Congregate living setting

COVID-19 in the community:

Low risk (green)
  • readiness and monitoring
  • no sustained transmission in Canada or transmission is localized and contained
Low-moderate risk (grey)
  • virus transmission in Canada/province
  • may include limited and well-contained local community transmission (e.g. linked to a known case or related to travel)
  • local public health capacity is sufficient for:
    • effective contact tracing
    • sufficient testing capacity, and
    • self-isolation measures
Caution threshold (grey and yellow)
  • a threshold of ten incidence cases per 100,000 people per week in the local community triggers the caution threshold
  • it is a conservative operational threshold that triggers:
    • closer direct engagement and collaboration with local public health authorities to determine sources of transmission and risk to CSC employees and offenders
    • asymptomatic screening as per:
      • the testing strategy
  • the caution threshold:
    • serves as a range that includes ongoing monitoring of:
      • community transmission trends
      • local public health measures, and
      • elements of low-moderate risk and moderate risk
    • requires CSC staff and managers to implement enhanced:
      • vigilance
      • monitoring, and
      • quality assurance of IPC measures
    • may require additional mitigation strategies to be implemented to manage risk as determined by the SDC
  • when these indicators exceed CSC’s capacity to mitigate the risk, a recommendation will be made to the SDC to move to moderate risk
Moderate risk (yellow)
  • local community transmission of virus as identified by local public health authority, for which the epidemiology (who, when and where) may not be fully understood
  • community capacity to contact trace, test and isolate is strained
  • testing positivity rates significantly increasing
  • local hospital capacity is strained
  • intensive care unit (ICU) capacity is fully utilized or exceeded
COVID-19 at CSC facility:

Moderate-high risk (orange)
  • COVID-19 transmission has occurred within the CSC facility in at least one of these situations:
    • between staff
    • between offenders
    • from staff to offender
    • from offender to staff
  • outbreak is contained in an identified zone within the facility
High risk (red)
  • transmission on site pending epidemiological investigation
  • outbreak source unidentified
  • outbreak is site wide
  • mandatory reassessment every 24 hours

Administrative sites

The following chart outlines the risk levels for CSC’s administrative sites (Regional and National Headquarters, Correctional Learning and Development Centres, Academies, District and Parole Offices):

CSC National COVID-19 Risk Management Framework: Administrative sites
CSC National COVID-19 Risk Management Framework: Administrative sites Risque faible (vert)
  • préparation et surveillance;
  • aucune transmission soutenue au Canada ou la transmission est localisée et contenue;
  • mesures diligentes de contrôle de prévention des infections.
Risque faible à modéré (gris)
  • transmission du virus au Canada/province;
  • peut inclure une transmission limitée mais bien définie dans la collectivité locale, par exemple liée à un cas bien connu ou à un voyage;
  • la capacité de l’autorité locale de santé publique à effectuer de la recherche de contacts, les tests de dépistage et les mesures d’auto-isolation est suffisante;
  • vigilance accrue et importante des mesures de prévention et de contrôle des infections.
Seuil du prudence (gris et jaune)
  • L’atteinte du seuil de prudence de dix cas d’incidence par 100 000 personnes par semaine dans une collectivité déclenche le seuil de prudence, qui :
    • prévoit une collaboration et un dialogue directs et étroits avec les autorités locales de santé publique afin de déterminer les sources de transmission et le risque pour les employés du SCC et les délinquants;
    • déclenche également le dépistage des cas asymptomatiques, conformément à la stratégie de dépistage.
  • Le seuil de prudence prévoit diverses mesures, notamment :
    • la surveillance continue des tendances liées à la transmission dans la collectivité:
    • des mesures de santé publique à l’échelle locale; et
    • des éléments des catégories de risque faible à modéré et modéré
  • Le personnel et les gestionnaires du SCC doivent exercer une vigilance accrue, ainsi que:
    • procéder à une surveillance; et
    • effectuer le contrôle de la qualité des mesures de PCI.
  • La mise en œuvre de stratégies d’atténuation additionnelles pourrait s’avérer nécessaire pour gérer le risque, selon ce qu’il aura été déterminé par le SCP.
  • Lorsque ces indicateurs dépassent la capacité du SCC à atténuer le risque, une recommandation sera formulée à l’intention du SCP afin de passer au niveau de risque modéré.
Risque modéré (jaune)
  • transmission du virus dans la collectivité locale tel qu’identifié par les autorités locales de santé publique pour laquelle l’épidémiologie (qui, quand et où) pourrait ne pas être bien comprise;
  • la capacité de la collectivité d’effectuer des recherches de contact, des tests de dépistage, et d’isoler peut être limitée;
  • réduire l’accès au site.

Activities in the RMF

The following activities are included in the IRMF. New activities may be added on a regular basis as the relevant risk mitigation strategies are developed.

Congregate living settings

Institutional Operations:

  • Admissions and Discharge
  • Operations
  • Inmate work
  • Recreation
  • Barbers, hairstylists and nail technicians
  • Regional dieticians
  • Visits and correspondence
  • Volunteers
  • Restorative Opportunities Program
  • Temporary absences, work releases and transfers by land
  • Temporary absences and transfers by air

Health Services:

  • Foundational measures
  • Primary care
  • Secondary care
  • Tertiary care
  • Assessments
  • Risk assessments

Reintegration Operations:

  • Institutional parole officers and managers of Assessment and Intervention
  • Correctional programs, structured social programs
  • Educational programs
  • Institutional Employment Program and vocational certification
  • Indigenous Initiatives
  • Chaplaincy services
  • Parole Board of Canada hearings
  • Elder-assisted hearings
  • Mother Child Program

Community Operations:

  • Community correctional centres
  • Community-based residential facilities
  • Urinalysis program

Internal Services:

  • Construction

Administrative sites

Internal Services:

  • Training
  • Essential training – All staff
  • Operational training
  • Specialized training – Operational
  • Specialized training – Nursing
  • Specialized training – Organizational 
  • Management Development
  • Detector Dog Program
  • National Training Academy
  • Primary worker candidate assessments
  • Indigenous community liaison officers and Indigenous community development officers
  • Community correctional programs
  • Urinalysis Program
  • Employment coordinator – Community
  • CORCAN Community Industries
  • Volunteers
  • Restorative Opportunities Program
  • Parole Board of Canada hearings
  • Community Health Services
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