Gender-based analysis plus
Institutional GBA+ Capacity
CSC did not have a GBA+ governance implementation plan for the reporting year, as GBA+ was already integrated into CSC's business processes.
Because CSC manages a diverse offender population, it has staff across the country dedicated to issues relative to women offenders, Indigenous offenders, ethnocultural offenders, victims of crimes, and other groups. This configuration is bolstered by national bodies (e.g., Ethnocultural Advisory Committee), and various branches and sectors within National Headquarters (e.g., Indigenous Initiatives Directorate, and the Women Offender Sector) that consider potential differential impacts of policy, programs and legislation on the needs of different offender populations.
Prior to adopting new policies or introducing significant modifications to existing policies, CSC engages in a formal consultation process, which includes consultation with all CSC sectors and regions, and external consultation with inmate committees and a range of stakeholders, including non-profit organizations, community representatives, academia, experts in various fields and offender groups. The Strategic Policy Division also provides a "challenge" function and applies a GBA+ lens during policy development.
In addition to specific sectors and branches, CSC relies on the Strategic Policy, Evaluation and Research divisions to monitor the assessment of gender and diversity components of its initiatives. From a Human Resources perspective, CSC also monitors employment equity results.
During the reporting year, CSC made two significant advances in its capacity to address the needs of offenders who have gender considerations. (i.e., transgender and gender diverse offenders).
To elaborate, enhancements to CSC’s Offender Management System (an application and database system to record, extract and share information on offender case files) were made to support policy changes pertaining to offenders with gender considerations. These enhancements facilitate the appropriate identification of the sex and gender of offenders and their gender-related needs, and they facilitate the collection, sharing and reporting of information necessary for CSC and its external partners.
As well, CSC created the Gender Considerations Secretariat, which operates as a focal point within the organization to provide timely and consistent support and guidance to the field on operational and case management questions on gender related issues. The Secretariat informs policy development, helps establish the organizational direction and makes recommendations on the management of offenders with gender considerations. The Secretariat includes representation from Security Operations, Reintegration Operations, Women Offender Sector and the Policy Sector. CSC is currently considering allocation of new resources within existing reference levels dedicated to this new Secretariat.
Highlights of GBA+ Results by Program
The table below shows three years of data for performance indicators from the Program Inventory that are relevant to GBA+ and for which data can be disaggregated by sex.
Note that CSC does not have comprehensive data on gender recorded in its Offender Management System. For the purpose of the table below, sex has been used as a proxy for gender identity.
All figures represent data in the Offender Management System at 2019-20 year-end.
|Performance indicators||Target||2019–20 Actual results (Female)||2018–19 Actual results (Female)||2017–18 Actual results (Female)|
|Rate of upheld grievances related to accommodation services per 1,000 offenders in federal custody||6.4 – 8.0||10.2||8.5||11.7|
|Percentage of offenders who were granted a discretionary release at the time of their first release||39.9% – 43.6%||77.2%||78.4%||79.6%|
|Percentage of Indigenous offenders with an established CCRA Section 84 release plan prior to first release||39.9% – 45.1%||46.5%||39.1%||57.3%|
|Of the Indigenous offenders who identify an interest in following a traditional healing path, the percentage who receive an Elder Review (Elder reviews are required as part of a traditional healing path||90.2% – 95.5%||92.8%||93.5%||96.5%|
|Of the offenders serving a sentence of four years or less, with an identified need for correctional programming, the percentage who enrol in such programming prior to first release||92.1% – 96.0%||98.4%||97.8%||100.0%|
|Of the offenders serving a sentence of four years or less, with an identified need for correctional programming, the percentage who complete such programming prior to first release||85.9% – 88.4%||89.8%||90.7%||92.8%|
|Of the offenders serving a sentence of four years or less, with an identified need for correctional programming, the percentage who complete such programming prior to sentence expiry date||88.1% – 89.3%||92.2%||95.1%||92.9%|
|Percentage of institutional maintenance program completions||81.2% – 83.9%||74.9%||73.1%||79.8%|
|Percentage of community maintenance program completions||65.9% – 68.5%||70.5%||73.0%||75.3%|
|Of the offenders with an identified need for correctional maintenance programming, the percentage who complete such programming prior to sentence expiry date||75.0% – 80.4%||86.3%||88.2%||90.1%|
|Of the offenders with an identified need for an upgrade to their education, the percentage who upgrade prior to first release||54.0% – 64.8%||81.5%||86.4%||79.4%|
|Percentage of employment intervention referrals actioned within 120 days of admission||64.9% – 75.7%||82.5%||80.5%||69.6%|
|Rate of minor/moderate convictions under supervision per 1,000 offenders||140.9 – 185.2||90.3||69.7||68.0|
|Rate of fail to return per 1,000 offenders residing in a Community Residential Facility||240.4 – 271.4||303.0||320.2||262.0|
|Rate of transitions to higher security levels per 1,000 offenders in federal custody||
CSC is committed to ensuring women offenders are provided with programs and interventions that assist their rehabilitation and successful reintegration to the community as law-abiding citizens. Although women comprise a small proportion of the total federal offender population, CSC applies a holistic correctional model that recognizes their unique needs. Over the last 30 years, the principles of Creating Choices have been the driving force behind a number of advances in women’s corrections, including institutional design, correctional interventions, operations, mental health interventions and human resources. Correctional and social programming has evolved to reflect emerging evidence-based research on what works with women offenders. In fact, overall correctional results for women offenders often meet and even exceed established target ranges.
The recent implementation of an ancillary service to the Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) model is an excellent example of how CSC applies a gender-informed lens when it develops policies, programs and procedures for its diverse offender population. The women’s model is comprised of an SIU within the maximum-security Secure Unit and an Enhanced Support House (ESH) for inmates classified as minimum or medium security, both of which focus on the provision of interventions to address individualized risk and needs. The ESH component is a unique feature of the women’s model. It is a voluntary short-term supportive mainstream environment for inmates who require additional staff support and/or greater access to interventions. Although the ESH is multi-purpose, it can be used as an alternative to a transfer to the SIU for inmates who do not present an increased security risk or to prevent a security reclassification to a higher security level.
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