History of CSC
The history of corrections in Canada is fascinating and complex. Much has changed over the years: not only the institutions involved but also the principles on which they are run.
This site is filled with information about the places, people, and events that mark our history.
Since 1835 - and before Canada was a country - thousands of correctional employees dedicated their careers to keeping us safe through their work in federal corrections. In more than 180 years, 34 individuals – two women and 32 men – have given their lives to protect our communities.
This book celebrates the many people of CSC who have moved the organization forward over the course of 35 years. The pictures and stories reflect the spirit of the last three and a half decades, and they honour the many thousands of people who have dedicated themselves to public safety in Canada.
Experience the evolution of Canada's correctional system - from the days before penitentiaries right up to the present. Discover how changing times have tranformed the face of this essential part of our justice system.
Imprisonment as we know it in Canada today dates back to the building of the Kingston Penitentiary in 1835. Read about the Early Years, institutional reform and expansion and a series of disturbances that lead to a new approach in the management of Canadian correction institutions.
Standardized uniforms have been part of corrections in Canada for well over a century.
The CSC Museum, located in Kingston, Ontario, houses a fascinating collection of artifacts relative to all aspects of correctional history in Canada.
Dr. Emerson Douyon was a founding member and first chair of the National Ethnocultural Advisory Committee (NEAC) and the Regional Ethnocultural Advisory Committees (REAC). As a volunteer for 17 years with CSC, he helped enhance programs and services for CSC’s culturally diverse offender population. The CSC Multiculturalism Award was renamed the Emerson Douyon Multiculturalism Award.
Dr. Douyon offered to write a cultural bridge-building book on the past, present and future of services and interventions for Ethnocultural offenders. The book, Ethnocultural Minorities and the Canadian Correctional System, was his last project for CSC. In 2016, Dr. Douyon passed away.
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