Enhancing Offender Responsibility and Accountability
The Safe Streets and Communities Act emphasizes that offender rehabilitation is a joint responsibility that must be shared by both CSC and offenders. This is done through changes to:
- The development and maintenance of correctional plans;
- Waiting periods for parole applications; and
- Detention reviews.
The completion of correctional plans for offenders is not new for CSC. However, by putting the requirement to complete a correctional plan for offenders in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA), it emphasizes each plan's importance. The CCRA now includes the requirement that offenders:
- actively participate in meeting the objectives of their plans, including goals for behavioural expectations;
- complete correctional programs, and;
- meet court-ordered obligations such as restitution to victims or child support.
The waiting period to re-apply for day or full parole will be longer if the Parole Board of Canada (PBC) decides not to grant parole, or cancels or terminates parole. In those cases, the waiting period to re-apply will be extended from six months to one year.
Under the Safe Streets and Communities Act, some violent offences (including child pornography, luring a child, breaking and entering to steal a firearm, or aggravated assault of a peace officer) and terrorist offences have been added to Schedule I of the CCRA.
This means that a higher number of offenders may be subject to a direct referral by CSC to the Parole Board of Canada (PBC) for a detention review, instead of being referred by the Commissioner of CSC.
Detention reviews are done by the PBC to determine whether an offender should stay in custody until the end of his/her sentence, rather than be released on statutory release after serving two-thirds of the sentence. This can occur if there are reasonable grounds to believe that if the offender were released on statutory release he/she would likely commit, before the expiration of the sentence according to law:
- a serious crime against a person;
- a sexual offence involving a child; or
- a serious drug crime.
CSC can refer an offender to the PBC for a detention review if he/she committed a Schedule I offence. In addition, even if an offender did not commit a Schedule I offence, the Commissioner of CSC could still refer him/her for a detention review.
For more information
- Government-wide Forward Regulatory Plans
- The Cabinet Directive on Regulatory
- The Federal regulatory management
- The Canada–United States Regulatory Cooperation Council
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