Commissioner's Directive

Correctional Programs

PURPOSE

  • To ensure offenders receive the most effective correctional programs at the appropriate time in their sentences to promote their rehabilitation and to prepare them for reintegration into the community
  • To maximize correctional programs effectiveness, to ensure integrity in program management and delivery, and to ensure that correctional programs respect gender, ethnic, cultural and linguistic differences, and are responsive to the special needs of women, Aboriginal offenders, offenders requiring mental health care and other groups

APPLICATION

Applies to all staff involved in correctional program development, management, monitoring, referrals and delivery

RESPONSIBILITIES AND PROCEDURES

  1. The Assistant Commissioner, Correctional Operations and Programs, in collaboration with the Deputy Commissioner for Women as appropriate:
    1. will authorize the development and delivery of correctional programs
    2. will review and approve the Annual Program Plan
    3. will, in collaboration with the Regional Deputy Commissioners, oversee the coordination of efficient correctional program management and delivery in order to maximize program capacity
  2. The Assistant Commissioner, Correctional Operations and Programs, has the authority to develop correctional program guidelines:
    1. National Correctional Programs Standards (GL 726-1)
    2. National Correctional Program Referral Guidelines (GL 726-2)
    3. National Correctional Program Management Guidelines (GL 726-3).
  3. The Director, Reintegration Programs, in consultation with the Director General, Women Offender Sector as appropriate, will manage, coordinate and monitor national correctional program development and implementation.
  4. The Manager, Victim Services, will ensure that all Victim Services Officers have access to, and are informed of, the most recent national program descriptions.
  5. When the threshold for sharing information with victims is met under paragraph 26(1)(b) of the CCRA, the Victim Services Officer may share information with a registered victim about the programs designed to address the needs of the offender, pursuant to CD 784 – Victim Engagement.
  6. The Regional Deputy Commissioner will:
    1. ensure procedures are in place that support correctional program delivery
    2. ensure the correctional program inventory is maintained
    3. ensure that correctional programs, including Aboriginal correctional programs and women offender correctional programs, are available to offenders
    4. ensure that all correctional programs identified in the regional Annual Program Plan are national correctional programs
    5. ensure monitoring of program delivery and results as well as reporting to the Assistant Commissioner, Correctional Operations and Programs, and the Deputy Commissioner for Women, as appropriate
    6. promote and facilitate collaboration between assessment, intervention and program staff to:
      1. ensure continuity in correctional planning
      2. ensure efficient program management
      3. maximize program delivery capacity
    7. approve and submit the regional Annual Program Plan to the Assistant Commissioner, Correctional Operations and Programs, and the Deputy Commissioner for Women.
  7. The Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Integrated Services, will:
    1. provide a strategic perspective to the Regional Deputy Commissioner, for the regional planning of correctional programs
    2. oversee quality and consistency in the referral and delivery of correctional programs to all offenders across the region
    3. review and submit the regional Annual Program Plan to the Regional Deputy Commissioner.
  8. The Regional Administrator, Assessment and Interventions, will:
    1. review, analyze and report to the Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Integrated Services, all correctional program demand, availability and results
    2. develop and submit a regional Annual Program Plan to the Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Integrated Services
    3. be the final authority in cases in which there are different opinions regarding program referrals
    4. ensure the competencies of Correctional Program Officers/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officers are evaluated through the quality review and certification process.
  9. The Regional Program Manager will:
    1. manage correctional program portfolios
    2. organize and deliver training on correctional programs
    3. complete the Initial Training Evaluation of Correctional Program Officers form (CSC/SCC 1312e) or the Supplementary Initial Training Evaluation of Correctional Program Officers form (CSC/SCC 1312 01e), as appropriate
    4. conduct the quality review of Correctional Program Officers’/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officers’ performance and complete the Quality Review of Correctional Program Officers form (CSC/SCC 1313e).
  10. The Institutional Head/District Director will:
    1. develop and submit an Annual Program Plan to the Regional Administrator, Assessment and Interventions
    2. provide a secure and appropriate environment for the delivery of correctional programs, including a culturally-appropriate environment for the delivery of Aboriginal correctional programs
    3. ensure that a Correctional Plan for each offender is developed and maintained, in consultation with the offender, which contains among others, objectives for the offender’s participation in correctional programs, pursuant to section 15.1 of the CCRA.
  11. The Assistant Warden, Interventions/Associate District Director or delegate will:
    1. chair the Correctional Intervention Board
    2. ensure correctional program referrals adhere to GL 726-2 – National Correctional Program Referral Guidelines. They will:
      1. authorize referrals and update assignments until they are finalized
      2. review and record decisions on referrals within 10 working days from the date of application
      3. ensure the offender meets the referral criteria and that the correctional program is available prior to accepting the referral
      4. monitor program demand, delivery, participation and rates of correctional program completion
      5. maintain and monitor the 12-month correctional program schedule in the Offender Management System
    3. ensure the delivery of correctional programs based on the Annual Program Plan
    4. notify the Regional Administrator, Assessment and Interventions, where the correctional program schedule is delayed by more than one month.
  12. The Manager, Programs/Community Program Manager will:
    1. supervise staff involved in the delivery of correctional programs and provide guidance and support to Elders involved in the delivery of Aboriginal correctional programs
    2. ensure that correctional program schedules include offender participation information and the Correctional Program Officer/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officer is identified
    3. ensure that required correctional program performance measurement data, including any automated data, are collected and distributed
    4. ensure that program case conferences and corresponding documentation are completed as required
    5. ensure that the final correctional program report is quality controlled and finalized within a maximum of 12 working days of program completion
    6. ensure that contracted correctional program delivery is in compliance with contractual obligations that respect policy and guidelines.
  13. The Parole Officer will:
    1. adhere to GL 726-2 – National Correctional Program Referral Guidelines for correctional program referrals
    2. consult a Correctional Program Officer/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officer when program selection criteria may not be clear or when there are discrepancies between offender file information and the results of a supplementary assessment
    3. enter correctional program referrals in the Correctional Plan and identify a suggested start date
    4. take into account the offender’s progress towards meeting the objectives of their Correctional Plan when making decisions on program referrals, transfers or recommendations for conditional release.
  14. The Correctional Program Officer/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officer will:
    1. ensure that the offender understands and signs the Consent to Participate in a Correctional Program form (CSC/SCC 1288):
      1. where an offender understands and accepts the intent of the Consent to Participate in a Correctional Program form (CSC/SCC 1288) but refuses to sign the form, the Correctional Program Officer/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officer will indicate this refusal on the form and sign it in the presence of a witness. The Correctional Program Officer/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officer will document in a Casework Record the reason why the offender refused to sign the Consent to Participate in a Correctional Program form (CSC/SCC 1288) and what was done to ensure that informed consent was obtained
      2. where an offender agrees to participate in the correctional program, but either refuses to complete the correctional program performance measures or does not want the information used for research purposes, the offender will still be permitted to participate in the correctional program
    2. ensure that the pre-program interviews and the pre-program performance measures are completed no earlier than 30 working days prior to correctional program start date
    3. enter pre-, mid- and post-correctional program performance measures into the Program Performance Measure in the Offender Management System Renewal (OMSR) within 10 working days of the program start date, or within 10 working days of their completion, whichever is later
    4. review the Correctional Plan and deliver correctional programs as per the correctional program manuals
    5. provide correctional program make-up sessions, as required, and document make-up sessions in the final correctional program report
    6. complete a Casework Record within one working day when:
      1. there is an offender contact that is not a requirement of the correctional program
      2. a pre- or post-program interview is completed with an offender
      3. there is significant information for the Case Management Team
    7. initiate a case conference with the Case Management Team member(s) and complete a Casework Record within one working day when:
      1. there are concerns of an escalation of risk (e.g., breach of condition, absence/suspension from the correctional program)
      2. there are significant difficulties encountered by the offender that could jeopardize their participation in the program or there is a significant decision to be discussed such as repeating or ceasing maintenance program participation
    8. complete a final correctional program report within a maximum of 10 working days for all offenders who complete a correctional program or whose assignment to a correctional program has ended.
  15. The Correctional Program Officer Assessor will complete men offender correctional program assessments and referrals in accordance with GL 726-3 – National Correctional Program Management Guidelines
  16. Elders involved in the delivery of Aboriginal correctional programs will:
    1. provide traditional teachings and ceremonial services in Aboriginal correctional programs pursuant to CD 702 – Aboriginal Offenders
    2. provide advice to the Regional Program Manager and/or the Assistant Warden, Interventions, with regards to cultural teachings and ceremonies in Aboriginal correctional programs, as required
    3. provide Correctional Program Officers/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officers with an understanding of the impacts of Aboriginal social history on Aboriginal offenders, as required, and traditional teachings and ceremonies for inclusion in Aboriginal correctional program sessions
    4. provide Correctional Program Officers/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officers with support in the delivery of Aboriginal correctional programs
    5. provide holistic observations on offender behavioural change to the Correctional Program Officer/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officer for inclusion in the final correctional program report for offenders participating in Aboriginal correctional programs.
  17. The offender is expected to actively participate in meeting the objectives of their Correctional Plan, including participating in programs.

Commissioner,

Original Signed by:
Don Head

ANNEX A

CROSS-REFERENCES AND DEFINITIONS

CROSS-REFERENCES

CD 001 – Mission, Values and Ethics Framework of the Correctional Service of Canada
CD 081 – Offender Complaints and Grievances
SOP 087 – Official Languages
CD 700 – Correctional Interventions
CD 701 – Information Sharing
CD 702 – Aboriginal Offenders
CD 705 – Intake Assessment Process and Correctional Plan Framework
CD 705-1 – Preliminary Assessments and Post-Sentence Community Assessments
CD 705-2 – Information Collection
CD 705-4 – Orientation
CD 705-5 – Supplementary Assessments
CD 705-6 – Correctional Planning and Criminal Profile
CD 709 – Administrative Segregation
CD 710 – Institutional Supervision Framework
CD 710-1 – Progress Against the Correctional Plan
CD 712 – Case Preparation and Pre-Release Framework
CD 715-1 – Community Supervision
CD 715-2 – Post-Release Decision Process
CD 715-3 – Community Assessments
CD 719 – Long-Term Supervision Orders
CD 720 – Education Programs and Services for Inmates
GL 726-1 – National Correctional Program Standards
GL 726-2 – National Correctional Programs Referral Guidelines
GL 726-3 – National Correctional Program Management Guidelines
CD 730 – Offender Program Assignments and Inmate Payments
CD 767 – Ethnocultural Offenders: Services and Interventions
CD 784 – Victim Engagement
CD 843 – Interventions to Preserve Life and Prevent Serious Bodily Harm

DEFINITION

Aboriginal correctional programs: structured, culturally-based interventions that target empirically-validated factors directly linked to Aboriginal offenders' criminal behaviour in order to reduce re offending. These programs’ culturally-relevant content includes Aboriginal social history considerations, traditional teachings and ceremonies, and cultural activities. Aboriginal correctional programs should normally be delivered by Aboriginal Correctional Program Officers with the involvement of Elders, and will utilize a healing and holistic approach to address the physical, emotional, spiritual and mental needs of Aboriginal offenders. Aboriginal correctional programs include specific programming for Inuit men offenders

Aboriginal social history : the various circumstances that have affected the lives of most Aboriginal people. Considering these circumstances may result in alternate options or solutions and applies only to Aboriginal offenders (not to non-Aboriginal offenders who choose to follow the Aboriginal way of life). These circumstances include the following (not an exhaustive list):

  • effects of the residential school system
  • sixties scoop into the adoption system
  • effects of the dislocation and dispossession of Inuit people
  • family or community history of suicide
  • family or community history of substance abuse
  • family or community history of victimization
  • family or community fragmentation
  • level or lack of formal education
  • level of connectivity with family/community
  • experience in the child welfare system
  • experience with poverty
  • loss of or struggle with cultural/spiritual identity.

Annual Program Plan: an analysis by operational units to determine programming needs and capacity, including the related training and resource requirements.

Correctional program: a structured intervention that targets empirically-validated factors directly linked to offenders’ criminal behaviour, in order to reduce re­offending.

Informed consent: consent is considered to be informed when an individual has the capacity to understand the nature of the process and is fully apprised of:

  1. the potential results and the risks associated with the process
  2. the potential effects of refusal to agree to the process
  3. the fact that they have the right to withdraw from the process.

National correctional programs: a specific set of correctional programs that have been developed and implemented on a national level. These programs are structured interventions that target empirically-validated factors directly linked to offenders’ criminal behaviour, in order to reduce re­offending.

Quality review and certification: the process used to measure Correctional Program Officer/Aboriginal Correctional Program Officer competency, as well as the competency of Regional Program Managers and National Correctional Program Trainers.

For more information

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit the Canada Gazette and Consulting with Canadians websites.