A Program for Every Inmate: Meeting Specific Needs - Glossary

A Program for Every Inmate: Meeting Specific Needs


Hepatitis B and C: Disease affecting the liver (mainly spread by blood-borne viruses).

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Disease which suppresses and can destroy the body’s natural ability to defend itself, a blood and body fluids borne virus.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI): A wide range of sexually transmitted bacteria and viruses.

Tuberculosis: A bacteria primarily spread by coughing bacteria out of an infected person’s lungs and inhaled by another person.

Regional institutions: Nova Institution for Women, Truro, Nova Scotia; Joliette Institution, Joliette, Québec; Grand Valley Institution for Women, Kitchener, Ontario; Edmonton Institution for Women, Edmonton, Alberta; Fraser Valley Institution for Women, Abbotsford, British Columbia.

Healing Lodges: These types of facilities may or may not be located on First Nations reserves. There are two distinct types of healing lodges for CSC offenders in custody or under supervision. The first type is a healing lodge located in the community, having an agreement with Public Safety Canada to deliver custody and supervision services to both native and non-native offenders. The second type is an institution located on CSC land and administered by CSC with the assistance of a native community.