CSC Statistics - Key facts and figures

Expenditures

In 2017-18, Correctional Service Canada's (CSC) expenditures totaled approximately $3.4 billion.

Staff

CSC has approximately 18,000 employees, including:

  • 6,149 Correctional Officers
  • 464 Correctional Program Officers
  • 1,268 Parole Officers
  • 465 Primary Workers
  • 155 Aboriginal Liaison Officers
  • 230 Social Program Officers
  • 865 Nurses
  • 252 Psychology Staff

Facilities

CSC manages and maintains:

  • 43 institutions
  • 11 Clustered Institutions
    • 2 maximum/medium/minimum security level
    • 9 medium/minimum security level
  • 6 maximum security institutions
  • 9 medium security institutions
  • 5 minimum security institutions (including 2 healing lodges)
  • 12 multi-level security institutions (including 2 healing lodges and six women's institutions)
  • 91 parole offices
  • 14 Community Correctional Centres
  • 200+ Community Residential Facilities

Average annual cost of an offender

It costs an average of $115,000 to maintain an offender in a CSC institution and almost $35,000 to maintain an offender in the community.

Offender profile

On a typical day in 2017-18, CSC was responsible for an average of 23,060 offenders - 14,015 in federal custody (including temporary detainees) and 9,045 supervised in the community. Of these offenders, approximately:

  • 20% were serving sentences for homicide
  • 49% were serving sentences for sexual offences or other violent crimes
  • 18% were serving sentences for drug-related offences

At the end of fiscal year 2017-2018:

  • 24% of offenders were serving life sentences
  • Approximately 40% of offenders were serving a sentence of less than four years
  • 810 offenders were classified as Dangerous Offenders

Measuring performance

There has been a steady decline in the incarcerated offender population, from over 15,000 in 2012-13 to just over 14,000 in 2017-18, and a continuous increase in the number of offenders managed in the community, from approximately 7,700 in 2012-13 to over 9,000 in 2017-18.

In 2017-18, we saw the highest number of day paroles reported since 2012-13, including for Indigenous offenders and women offenders.

Offenders are being released earlier in their sentences. Women offenders especially have seen a significant decrease in terms of median percentage of sentence served before release, from about 50 percent in 2012-13 to almost 33 percent in 2017-18.

Updated January 2019

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