Correctional Service Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Common menu bar links

Women Offender Programs and Issues

Warning This Web page has been archived on the Web.

Pet Facilitated Therapy in Correctional Institutions

D. Background -A Brief Overview

PFT is not a new: in 1792 the York Retreat in York, England, "...included animals as part of the living environment and encouraged patients to care for them. A forerunner of positive reinforcement programs, the York Retreat stressed positive, rather than punitive, means to control behaviour." (Cusack, 1988). Since then, countless programs have been established. Some of the more successful and well-known programs include Bethel in Bielefield, West Germany, founded in 1867, and in the United States, at the Pawling Army Air Force Convalescent Hospital in Pawling, New York in the 1940s (Cusack, 1988).