Older Offenders (65+) in Canadian Federal Corrections
Research Highlights: The growth of more older (65+) offenders under federal jurisdiction is largely due to new admissions.
Research in Brief- PDF
Why we did this study
Over the past five years, the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) has seen an increase (+530 or 41.4%) in older offenders (65+) under federal jurisdiction [from 1,279 at year-end in 2012-13 to 1,809 in 2017-18]. While the older offender population in federal custody has increased (+158 or 29.3%) from 539 at year-end in 2012-13 to 697 in 2017-18, there has also been steady growth (+372 or 50.3%) in the conditional release supervision population from 740 at year-end in 2012-13 to 1,112 in 2017-18. Also noteworthy, there has been a trend of proportionally more older offenders under community supervision (Outside) than in custody (Inside). Gaining an understanding of population changes can facilitate the allocation of programming and operational resources.
|Fiscal Year-end||2012 -13||2013 -14||2014 -15||2015 -16||2016 -17||2017 -18|
What we did
Historical year-end federal institutional and community supervision counts are recorded as standardized reports in CSC’s Corporate Reporting System-Modernized (CRS-M). Similarly, historical counts of federal admissions and releases are also recorded in CRS-M.
Data was extracted from CRS-M (March 1, 2019) capacity module to establish a five-year trend (2012-13 to 2017-18) of the flows into and out of federal custody. Then, a closer examination of the nature of the turnover (admissions/ releases) in the older (65+) population was undertaken.
What we found
Overall, admissions to federal custody for older offenders have risen from 133 in 2012-13 to 171 in 2017-18; a difference of +38 (or +29%). When unpacking this increase by type of federal admission it is notable that the percentage of admissions to federal custody through conditional release revocations has decreased from 26.3% in 2012-13 to 12.9% in 2017-18. Consequently, some of the growth in the older offender population is due to the increase of new warrant of committal admissions from 94 in 2012-13 to 142 in 2017-18; a difference of +48 (or 51%).
On the other hand, total older offender (65+) releases from federal custody have increased from 188 in 2012-13 to 288 in 2017-18; a difference of +100 (or 53.2%). Again, unpacking total releases by type it is noteworthy that there has been a steady rise in day parole releases from 64 in 2012-13 to 141 in 2017-18; a difference of +47 (or +73.4%). While it appears that there has been a rise in older admissions, there has been a substantial increase in earlier releases on day parole resulting in less days spent incarcerated for a considerable portion of the population.
|Fiscal Year||Total Admissions||65+ Admissions||Total Releases||65+ Releases|
What it means
Notwithstanding the fact that growth of the older offender population in federal custody has increased, it appears that more older persons are being released earlier in their sentence and managed safely in the community. The combined efforts at efficient preparation for safe release and effective case management have resulted in a sustained trend of more older offenders being released each year than admitted to federal custody.
For more information
Please e-mail the Research Branch or contact us by phone at (613) 995-3975.
You can also visit the Research Publications section for a full list of reports and one-page summaries.
Prepared by: Larry Motiuk
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