The Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA) is the law that governs the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC).  CSC is responsible for supervising offenders serving a sentence of 2 years or more.  We supervise offenders both in custody and in the community. The Act also governs the Parole Board of Canada (PBC).  The PBC has exclusive authority to grant, deny or revoke the conditional release of an offender. The PBC also has the authority to impose special conditions on offenders who are supervised in the community on statutory release or long term supervision orders.

The CCRA recognizes that victims of crime have an important role to play in the criminal justice system.  It provides victims with an opportunity to participate in the federal corrections and conditional release process.

Definition of Victim under the Corrections and Conditional Release Act

Under section 2(1) of the CCRA an individual is considered a victim of crime if they have suffered physical or emotional harm, property damage or economic loss as the result of the commission of an offence.

Under section 2(3) of the CCRA any of the following individuals may act on the victim's behalf if the victim is dead or incapable of acting on their own behalf:

  1. the victim's spouse, or if the victim is dead, their spouse at the time of death;
  2. the individual who is or was at the time of the victim's death, cohabiting with them in a conjugal relationship, having so cohabited for a period of at least one year;
  3. a relative or a dependant of the victim;
  4. an individual who has in law or fact custody, or is responsible for the care or support, of the victim; and
  5. an individual who has in law or fact custody, or is responsible for the care or support, of a dependant of the victim.

Section 2(4) of the CCRA states that an individual is not a victim, or entitled to act on a victim's behalf, in relation to an offence, if the individual is the offender.

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