Statistics and research on women offenders
Women offenders are a small and unique part of the total Canadian federal offender population. To meet their needs, the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) takes a holistic, women-centred approach that prioritizes public safety.
Across Canada, CSC operates:
- five women's institutions, and
- a healing lodge for women
All women's institutions are multi-level. Most house women offenders classified at minimum-, medium- and maximum-security levels. The healing lodge, however, is only for women classified as minimum or medium security.
6% of Canadian federal offenders are women. On average, there were 693 women in custody in CSC facilities from 2018 to 2019.
Indigenous women are over-represented in the federal correctional system. They represent:
- 42% of incarcerated women offenders, and
- 27% of women offenders under supervision in the community
Compared to the average Canadian, women offenders:
- have a higher incidence of substance abuse and mental health problems
- are more likely to have a history of physical and/or sexual abuse.
In custody includes all active offenders:
- incarcerated in a CSC facility
- on temporary absence from a CSC facility
- who are temporarily detained in a CSC facility, and
- offenders on remand in a CSC facility
Most women offenders are serving a sentence of less than five years:
|Less than 5 years||437||62%|
|5 years or more||128||18%|
|Source: Data Warehouse as of March 31, 2019.|
CSC offers a variety of correctional, social, employment and educational programs to women offenders in CSC facilities.
In the community
In community under supervision includes all active offenders:
- on day parole, full parole or statutory release
- in the community supervised on a long term supervision order
- temporarily detained in a non-CSC facility
- unlawfully at large for less than 90 days
- on remand in a non-CSC facility, and
- supervised and subject to an immigration hold by Canada Border Services Agency
As of March 31, 2019 there were 744 women under CSC supervision in the community. (Source: Corporate Reporting System - Modernized)
Women offenders were granted federal day parole and federal full parole at a higher rate than men offenders over a ten year period:
|Gender||Day parole||Full parole|
|Source: 2016-2017 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview (CCRSO)|
Women offenders in the community have access to:
- CSC self-management programs delivered by qualified and trained facilitators
- community employment services to help them to find meaningful work
Research about women offenders
Find a variety of research reports related to women offenders in our research section:
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